The purpose of this essay is to analyze juvenile delinquency within the United States and the realities which have been discovered, ascertained or confronted while performing such an analysis.
First of all, it is important to delineate and describe the types of prisons within the United States. According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the correctional system is comprised of the following types of prisons which are divided by security levels with the purpose of confining offenders in an appropriate manner. The security levels are also determined by the presence of patrols, security barriers, towers, detection devices and the type of housing within the institution. Each facility is identified as either minimum, low, medium, high or administrative facilities. Minimum security facilities or institutions also identified as Federal Prison Camps (FPC’s), bear dormitory housing, a low staff compared to inmate ratio and no perimeter fencing. These types of institutions are both work and program focused and many are located near to bigger institutions or military bases where the assistance of inmates is required to serve the needs of the larger institution or military base. Low security correctional institutions bear perimeters which are double fenced, the housing is comprised of dormitories or cubicles and they also provide strong work and program components. Medium security facilities have perimeters which are double fenced with electronic detection systems. The housing is comprised of cells they also provide a wide variety of work and treatment options. It also bears greater internal controls and an even higher staff to inmate ratio compared to low security facilities. High security facilities also known as penitentiaries have higher security perimeters which include walls and fences which are reinforced, both multiple and single cells, they also bear the highest staff to inmate ratio and strict control of inmate movement. There are also correctional complexes have distinct missions and security levels. They share services and by such means increase their efficiency which also enables staff to obtain experience at various security level institutions as well as improve emergency preparedness. Administrative institutions are facilities with special missions which include the detention of pretrial offenders, the medical treatment of inmates with serious health conditions, are violent or have been identified as escape prone inmates. These administrative facilities include Metropolitan Correctional Centers, Metropolitan Detention Centers, Federal Detention Centers and Federal Medical Centers all of them hold inmates of all security categories. While delineating the difference between a jail and a prison, one should think in short and long terms. In the first place, jails are often presided by local governments or sheriffs and are primarily intended to hold persons who are serving short sentences or awaiting trial. For example, jails operate and promote work release rehabilitation programs as well as other specialized services addressing educational needs, vocational needs as well as substance abuse needs and manage inmate behavior. Prisons on the other hand are operated by State governments and the Federal Bureau of Prisons and are intended to hold persons who are convicted of committing crimes.
For comparison purposes, I have chosen the MDC Guaynabo, Metropolitan Detention Center identified is an administrative facility holds inmates within all security categories and is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. It is a correctional facility which is governed by federal laws and provisions. Concerning a correctional facility, the following program of the Puerto Rico Department of Rehabilitation and Correction has been chosen, “Administracion de Instituciones Penales y Servicios a Confinados Transgresores”. It is a department governed by local government which provide custody services and rehabilitation...
References: Schmallager, F. (2011). Criminal justice today: An introductory text for the 21st century (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pearson/Prentice Hall
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