The Justin System is an important aspect of governance in Canada, and Canadians have different views and perspectives about how justice can be served.
Fair and Equitable: governed by rules that apply to everyone, taking into account individual needs and circumstances
Justice: applying laws
Justice System: the institutions and procedures for applying laws in a society
How are youth justice and adult justice different in Canada?
Community service: help in the community performed as part of a sentence, such as assisting with a community cleanup or food bank
Criminal record: a permanent record of breaking the law, which is public information. A criminal record can bar you from jobs
Sentence: A consequence for a crime, such …show more content…
Allows most young offenders to avoid a criminal record.
Creates a criminal record for most offenders.
What factos determine the consequences young offenders face?
the seriousness of the offence. For example, a violent offence is more serious than a non violent offence.
The history of the young person. Some who has been in trouble before may face more serious consequences than a first time offender.
The attitude of the young person. A young person who takes responsibilities for their actions will face less serious consequences than one who doesn’t.
The circumstances of the young person.
What are the objectives of the YCJA?
The youth criminal justice system is intended to
1. Prevent crime by addressing the circumstances underlying a young person’s behavior, for example, a young person may need counseling for alcohol or drug abuse, or help coping with a family situation.
2. Rehabilitate young persons who commit offences and reintegrate them into society. This means providing young offenders with the skills to make positive choices in the future, and to help them find positive ways to participate in their community- for example by joining a sports team or a community action …show more content…
Ensure that a young person is subject to meaningful consequences for his or her offence to promote the long term protection of society.
4. The youth criminal justice system must be separate from that of adults and recognize their level of maturity.
What is a jury?
Under the YCJA, a person of 14 years of age or older may choose to be tried by a judge and jury for certain serious offences, such as assault or murder.
For these offences, juries always have 12 people and all 12 people must agree on the verdict.
Anyone who is 18 years of age is eligible for jury duty, but cannot have a criminal record
If you are summoned to jury duty, it is your responsibility to arrive on time. You must have your own transportation
Employers must give you days off, but don’t have to pay you.
People can be excused from jury duty if they can express undue hardship.
What do justice advocacy groups do?
What are advocacy groups?
Canada has 2 major citizen-led organizations involved in the justice system: the John Howard Society and the Elizabeth Fry Society.
These organizations work independently from the