The Statue of Lady Justice is often placed in front of a courthouse. Lady Justice has often been described wearing a blindfold and holding a scale and a sword. The blindfold represents that justice is measured without favor or identity. The balance represents fairness and equality. The sword represents punishment. Lady Justice symbolizes that all people are equal in the eyes of the law. Some people wonder what is justice and who makes the laws of justice. People develop their concept of justice according to their cultural influences and personal experiences which help them to form their concepts on what is right and wrong. In order to perform a just law everyone should be equal. In John Rawls “A Theory of Justice” he said that “The principles of justice are chosen behind a veil of ignorance.” (pg 238) The fundamental element of justice is equality and fairness. The Statue of Lady Justice cannot see who is being justified; therefore, she is justifying everyone equally. In order to justify a person’s action, fairness and equality must be placed as the primary factors. Fairness is an element of justice but justice is not only fairness. Fairness is more like a rubric of what is right and wrong based on the situation. For example, James brings a birthday cake to school to share with his 12 classmates. The teacher will divide the cake into 13 equal size pieces for each one of the students, including James. The way of dividing the cake into 13 equal pieces is a form of justice. The teacher is like wearing a blindfold and treating every student the same. On the other hand, the teacher can also slice on bigger piece first for James, since it is his birthday and then divide the cake into 12 equal size pieces for the other 12 classmates. The action of giving James a bigger piece is a way of fairness because James is the birthday boy. Fairness justifies the situation with a different scale by favoring someone, but justice...
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