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JUS 100 Intro to CJ Final Exam Name: ___________________________

1. Name the case in which the Supreme Court overruled a federal appellate court which had decided that an Oklahoma school district’s drug testing policy was unconstitutional. The SC ruled that a search of schoolchildren may be reasonable when supported by “special needs” which included a faculty monitor standing outside a bathroom listening for the “normal” sounds of urination.
a. Gideon v. Wainwright
b. Pottawatomie County et al. v. Earls
c. Argersinger v. Hamlin
d. In re Gault

2. In our system, the criminal courts have two opposing viewpoints which they try and settle:
a. Due Process and Arbitration
b. Crime Control and Sentencing
c. Due Process and Crime Control
d. Corrections and Criminal Procedure

3. This function of the courts emphasizes punishment and retribution-criminals must suffer for the harm they have done to society.
a. Due Process
b. Criminal Procedure
c. Criminal Law
d. Crime Control

4. This function of the courts is there supposedly to protect individuals from the unfair advantage the state has in terms of money and power.
a. Due Process
b. Criminal Procedure
c. Criminal Law
d. Crime Control

5. Looking at the criminal justice system in terms of seeing criminals as being wounded and in need of rehabilitation is the
a. Due Process model
b. Crime control model
c. Medical model
d. Plastic model

6. The idea of putting as many people thru the system as possible, as exemplified by the plea bargain, is known as:
a. Crime control model
b. Medical model
c. Assembly line model

7. The literal translation of jurisdiction is:
a. Due process
b. Crime control
c. To translate the law
d. To speak the law

8. These courts handle the more serious criminal cases, including murder, rape and robbery. They may be called by various names, including felony, superior, supreme, county, or circuit courts. a. Courts of limited jurisdiction b. Courts of General jurisdiction c. Appellate courts d. Supreme Court

9. This court system has jurisdiction over the laws of the US and treaties with other countries and cases involving admiralty and maritime jurisdiction.
a. Courts of Limited jurisdiction
b. Appellate courts
c. Federal courts
d. Circuit courts

10. The circuit courts hear cases on substantive and procedural issues involving rights guaranteed by the constitution. The name is derived from what?
a. The fact that the courts work in oval rooms
b. Judges are very large people
c. The buildings are round
d. The trail the judges used to ride to get to court

11. When the SC decides to hear a particular case, it grants a _________requesting a transcript of the lower court case for review.
a. Writ of Habeas Corpus
b. Writ of Mandamus
c. Writ of certiorari
d. Writ of electrophoresus

12. The prosecutor makes the decision whether or not to prosecute the case. If he does decide to prosecute, then the case goes to either the preliminary hearing or the Grand Jury, in order to:
a. Decide if Probable Cause exists for a trial
b. Decide if reasonable suspicion exists
c. Decide if proof beyond a reasonable doubt exists
d. None of the above

13. The key to the prosecutorial function is:
a. The power to institute formal charges against the defendant
b. The ability to talk to the Grand Jury
c. The ability to present evidence at the preliminary hearing
d. Discovery

14. Appellate courts generally uphold convictions in cases where prosecutorial misconduct occurs, if in their opinion the misconduct is not considered “serious.” This is called the
a. Appellate court rule
b. Voir dire
c. Habeas Corpus
d. Harmless error

15. - The Supreme Court held that a judge in a retrial can’t impose a more severe sentence than that originally imposed. In other words, a prosecutor can’t go for a more severe sentence for a defendant who succeeds in getting her first conviction set aside.
a. Blackledge v. Perry
b. Bordenkircher v. Hayes
c. North Carolina v. Pearce
d. Gideon v. Wainwright

16. The 6th amendment allows for the provision of counsel at trial. In this case the SC held that state courts must provide counsel to indigent defendants in felony cases.
a. Blackledge v. Perry
b. Bordenkircher v. Hayes
c. North Carolina v. Pearce
d. Gideon v. Wainwright

17. The Court allowed the prosecutor to carry out threats of increased charges made during plea bargaining negotiations when the defendant refused to plead guilty to the original charge.
a. Blackledge v. Perry
b. Bordenkircher v. Hayes
c. North Carolina v. Pearce
d. Gideon v. Wainwright

18.In this case, the Court extended the state’s obligation to cover all criminal cases in which the defendant faces any jail or prison time, even misdemeanors.
a.Gideon v. Wainwright
b.Blackledge v. Perry
c.Argersinger v. Hamlin
d.North Carolina v. Pearce
e.

19. The concept of attorney competence was defined by the SC in the case of a. Strickland v. Washington b. Gideon v. Wainwright c. Argersinger v. Hamlin 20. In this landmark case involving a lewd telephone call, the SC extended due process rights to juveniles. a. Strickland v. Washington b. Gideon v. Wainwright c. NC v. Blackledge d. In re Gault

21. An area where the Supreme Court has not required assistance of counsel is: a. Grand Juries b. Lineups c. appeals after the first d. all of the above

22. The fact that sometimes errors are made in fingerprint identification are primarily because: a. only partial prints are lifted at crime scenes, not full prints b. fingerprint technicians are sometimes drunk

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