People come into this world destined for certain things. Some are destined to be generals or politicians or firefighters. Julius Caesar was destined for greatness. His father and grandfather were both well known Roman politicians. His uncle was one of the greatest military leaders in roman history. With these people playing roles in his life, Julius Caesar didn't have to try very hard to be a big player in the roman world. In his early life, Caesar stood out in the political arena of Rome. He also stood out in the military becoming one of the most successful generals in the whole empire, with conquests from Germania to Spain. Later in life, he would become one of the greatest and most recognized men in history. In the end, his greatness would come back to haunt him and his political rivals would get the better of him. In so short of time, few people in history have had more impact on both the world he lived in and the world as we know it today. Gaius Julius Caesar was born on the 12th day of the month of Quinctilis later named July after his death (Fowler 8). He was born into one of the most influential and illustrious families in Rome at the time. The young man was born into a world full of doubt. The constitutional government that society was functioning on was falling to pieces with little alternative to it besides mob rule. Julius Caesar's greatest mentor was his uncle Marius. Marius was one of the greatest military leaders in roman history. During the civil war that Caesar was born into, his uncle Marius was the leader of the party that opposed the brutal dictator Sulla. When Sulla won the war, Caesar was forced to flee to Asia Minor to escape retaliation (Fowler 33). While in Asia Minor, the young Julius Caesar began to focus his attention to the arts of oratory and politics. It is during this time that Caesar began to refine the skills that he would use throughout his life. After the Sullan government was overthrown, Caesar returned and was elected to an official post in Spain. His time in Spain was torture for him. He was cut off from the political arena in Rome with little contact to the senate. He survived his time in Spain and used it to further his knowledge of politics and government. When he returned to Rome he was elected to an aedileship, the next step in politics above his quaestorship in Spain. The same day he was elected, a conspiracy was hatched to provide the democracy with the power in Rome and prevent the return of Pompeious, who it was feared would return a military dictator. The plan was to kill the roman counsels and appoint a prominent politician named Crassus dictator with Julius Caesar his chief lieutenant. The plan was never carried out but Caesar was beginning to make the political connections necessary to sustain a long career. (Fowler 68) After the failed coup, Caesar now had a thirst for power. His boyhood friend Cicero had recently been named counsel of Rome and had formed and alliance with Pompeious who had the support of the military. This alliance only lasted a few months and soon fell apart. Caesar saw this as a chance to seize power and immediately formed an alliance with Pompeious for military support, and his old friend Crassus who provided the money to the alliance. This alliance became known as the triumvirate. The triumvirate held a lot of power in roman politics and stayed together until Caesar was elected counsel. Although the triumvirate was now dissolved, Caesar now had the support of one of the most influential military leaders and one of the wealthiest roman politicians. (Fowler 100) After Caesar's year as counsel of Rome was over, he became the governor of the province of Transalpine Gaul. While there, Caesar's main job became the defense of the roman province from invasion. One threat to him was the Germanic tribe of the Helvetti. The Helvetti had been coming closer and closer to the roman border and were up till this...
Cited: Fowler, Warde. Julius Caesar, Heroes of the Nations. Ed. Evelyn Abbott. New York: the knickerbocker Press, 1891.
Sihler, E. G. Annals Of Caesar. New York: London, Leipzig, and Paris, 1911.
Parenti, Michael. The Assassination of Julius Caesar. New York: The New Press, 2003.
W. W. How and H. D. Leigh. A History of Rome to the Death of Caesar. New York: Longmans, Green, and Co, 1910.
T. Rice Holmes. Caesar 's Conquest of Gaul. London: Macmillan and Co, 1899.
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