Name: Julia Saleh
Course: Eng. 205
There are various tests, which can be analyzed to their entirety in order to show the success of the author in delivering purpose to the audience in a given situation. These texts range from advertisements to written rhetoric on a wide range of topics. This paper will encompass the comparison between the written texts of two prominent writers, that is, Aristotle's whose “The Aim of Man” will be compared to Shirley Jackson's “The Lottery”. It is important to note that Aristotle text is archaic but very resourceful since in this analysis it is being compared to a 20th century writer whose work is also enthusing as much as it is more recent. The rhetoric analysis depicted in this paper has taken an account of the essence of the rhetoric triangle in assessing written texts, which comprises the audience, the situation and the purpose. These rhetorical features will immensely show that the written texts work successfully in a given concert in creating a commendable effect on the audience and comparatively, which text, between Aristotle’s and Shirley’s, best accomplished its purpose through the utilizing the aforementioned strategies.
Commencing with Aristotle’s Aim of a Man, the author was lucid enough to conclude that man is indeed a political animal (Aristotle 29). Based on the setting of Greece where Aristotle resided, it can be articulated that the possibility of living a good life is only invested in people willingly living as citizens in the Greek states. This goes on to the rest of the human race. Aristotle argues in the Aim of a Man that economic relations who are responsible for holding together institutions of both public and private property should condemn excessive and colossal capitalism and the notoriety of slavery. This is what will drive man to be able to get the happiness that is richly endowed from the ‘gods’ and to live without much hassle and troubles. Aristotle is instrumental in asserting that Plato’s Laws and Republic were wrong and do not define the essence of good living among people in Greek. Aristotle’s Aim of a Man was unequivocal in criticizing the various philosophers that existed in Greek and their different roles in stating their stand according to the Greek constitution of Crete, Sparta and Carthage. The author strongly believed that citizenship is related to the holding of a public office and also tied to administration of justice, which identifies its role from the constitution.
Shirley Jackson's The Lottery centers on the story of a small contemporary American town that has a ritual known as ‘the lottery’ that happens annually. The ritual makes the entire story to b enthusing and has been cited by numerous people to be an impeccable example of well written pieces of American literature with diverse reactions to why it is depicted as a chilling and bizarre tale of conformity gone wrong and mad. The story is based on the simple town, which has villagers who gathered on 27th June for the purpose of having a lottery. In other different towns, the lottery conventionally takes longer but due to this particular town only having 300 villagers, it takes a shorter time period, which can be approximated to two hours. The story as explained by Shirley Jackson shows children running around aimlessly collecting stones since they have completed school and is on holiday for the summer (Jackson 12). They resultantly place the stones in the town square in a pile and the men in the village and lastly the women follow them. Parents stand next to their children. Mr. Simmers, who is the main character, conducts the lottery which in the end does not turn out well due to Tessie, another character, drawing out the paper which is most feared since it has a black dot on it. Tessie quickly endeavors to salvage herself claiming that it is not fair and is Mr. Summers immediately rebuts her statement. Mr. Summers instructs everyone to be...
Cited: Jackson, Shirley. The Lottery Creative Short Stories. New York: The Creative Company, 2008.
Hattenhauer, Darryl. Shirley Jackson 's American Gothic. Boston: SUNY Press, 2003. Print.
Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. Ashburn: ReadHowYouWant.com. 2006. Print.
May, Hope. Aristotle 's Ethics: Moral Development and Human Nature Bloomsbury Studies in
Ancient Philosophy. Vancouver: Continuum, 2010. Print.
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