Juan Osong

Topics: Diosdado Macapagal, Ferdinand Marcos, Vice President of the United States Pages: 19 (6470 words) Published: January 4, 2011
Diosdado Macapagal
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Diosdado Macapagal|
9th President of the Philippines|
In office
December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965|
Vice President| Emmanuel Pelaez|
Preceded by| Carlos Garcia|
Succeeded by| Ferdinand Marcos|
2nd President of the 1971 Philippine Constitutional Convention| In office
June 14, 1971 – January 17, 1973|
President| Ferdinand Marcos|
Preceded by| Carlos P. Garcia|
Succeeded by| Position Abolished|
6th Vice President of the Philippines|
In office
December 30, 1957 – December 30, 1961|
President| Carlos Garcia|
Preceded by| Carlos Garcia|
Succeeded by| Emmanuel Pelaez|
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Pampanga's 1stdistrict| In office
December 30, 1949 – December 30, 1957|
Preceded by| Amado Yuzon|
Succeeded by| Francisco Nepomuceno|
Born| September 28, 1910
Lubao, Philippines|
Died| April 21, 1997 (aged 86)
Makati City, Philippines|
Political party| Liberal Party|
Spouse(s)| Purita de la Rosa (1938–1943)
Eva Macaraeg (1946–1997)|
Children| Arturo
Alma mater| University of the Philippines
University of Santo Tomas|
Profession| Lawyer
Religion| Roman Catholicism|
Signature| |
Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was the 9th President of the Philippines, serving from 1961 to 1965, and the 6th Vice President, serving from 1957 to 1961. He is sometimes referred to as the Poor Boy from Lubao, Champion of the Common Man and The Incorruptible. His daughter, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo served as president of the Philippines from 2001-2010. Macapagal graduated from the University of the Philippines and University of Santo Tomas, after which he worked as a lawyer for the government. He first won election in 1949 to the House of Representatives, representing a district in his home province of Pampanga. In 1957 he became vice president in the administration of President Carlos P. Garcia, and in 1961 he defeated Garcia's re-election bid for the presidency. As President, Macapagal worked to suppress graft and corruption and to stimulate the Philippine economy. He introduced the country's first land reform law, placed the peso on the free currency exchange market, and liberalized foreign exchange and import controls. Many of his reforms, however, were crippled by a Congress dominated by the rivalNacionalista Party. He is also known for shifting the country's independence day from July 4 to June 12, commemorating the day Filipino patriots declared independence from Spain in 1898. His re-election bid was defeated in 1965 byFerdinand Marcos, whose subsequent authoritarian rule lasted 20 years. Diosdado Macapagal is a descendant of Don Juan Macapagal (a prince of Tondo) who was a great-grandson of the last reigning Rajah of Selurong, Rajah Lakandula Education

Diosdado Macapagal was born on September 28, 1910 in Lubao, Pampanga, the second of four children in a poor family.His father, Urbano Macapagal, was a poet who wrote in the local dialect, and his mother, Romana Pangan Macapagal, was a schoolteacher who taught catechism.[3] The family earned extra income by raising pigs and accommodating boarders in their home.[3] Due to his roots in poverty, Macapagal would later become affectionately known as the "Poor boy from Lubao".[4] Macapagal excelled in his studies at local public schools, graduating valedictorian at Lubao Elementary School, andsalutatorian at Pampanga High School.[5] He finished his pre-law course at the University of the Philippines, then enrolled at Philippine Law School in 1932, studying on a scholarship and supporting himself with a part-time job as an accountant.[3][5] While in law school, he gained prominence as an orator and debater.[5] However, he was forced to quit schooling after two years due to poor health and...

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