Journaling in Nursing Students

Topics: Anxiety, Psychology, Art Pages: 72 (23314 words) Published: August 15, 2013
EFFECT OF JOURNALING IN TYPICAL NURSING STUDENTS

DIANE QUINN
SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT
OF THE DEGREE MASTER OF
SCIENCE IN ART THERAPY AND COUNSELING

THE COLLEGE OF NEW ROCHELLE
NEW ROCHELLE, NY
MAY 13, 2013

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Title page…………………………………………………………………………………… 1 Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….. 6 Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………………… 2 List of Figures………………………………………………………………………………. ? List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………... ?

Chapter
I. Introduction………………………………………………………………………………. 7
Statement of Problem……………………………………………………………….. 7 Area of Interest……………………………………………………………………… 8
Theoretical Orientation……………………………………………………………… 9
Purpose………………………………………………………………………………. 10
Hypothesis……………………………………………………………………………. 10 II Review of Related Literature………………………………………………………………
Purpose & Overview…………………………………………………………………. 11
Research Question……………………………………………………………………. 11
Criteria for Selection of Literature……………………………………………………. 11
Key Terms…………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Literature Review……………………………………………………………………. 11
Comparison of writing and drawing………..………………………………… 11
Creative arts and anxiety in medical or nursing students…………………… 24
Written journal……………………………………………………………… 36
Conclusions………………………………………………………………………….. 43
Hypothesis…………………………………………………………………………… 43 III. Method………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
Purpose………………………………………………………………………………. 44
Hypothesis………………………………………………………………………….. 44
Research Design……………………………………………………………………… 44
Setting………………………………………………………………………………… 46
Personnel…………………………………………………………………………....... 47
Population and Sampling Method…………………………………………………….. 47
Measurement Tools………………………………………………………………...… 47
Procedure…………………………………………………………………………….. 51
Deliminations and Limitations……………………………………………………… 57
Threats to Internal Validity………………………………………………………….. 57
Threats to External Validity…………………………………………………………. 58
Time Schedule for the Study…………………………………………………………. 58
Budget…………………………………………………………………………………. 59 IV. Results……………………………………………………………………………………...
Purpose…………………………………………………………………………………
Results of Objective Measures…………………………………………………………
Non-Hypothesized Results……………………………………………………………..
Conclusions……………………………………………………………………………. V. Narrative Case Studies
Purpose………………………………………………………………………………..
Case I……………………………………………………………………………………
Case II…………………………………………………………………………………..
Case III…………………………………………………………………………………
Summary……………………………………………………………………………….. VI. Analysis, Interpretation & Discussion of Results………………………………………….
Purpose………………………………………………………………………………….
Hypothesis: Supported? Not Supported? .........................................................................
Threats to Internal Validity……………………………………………………………..
Threats to External Validity…………………………………………………………….
Relationship to Literature………………………………………………………………
Summary & Conclusions……………………………………………………………… VII. Summary, Conclusions, Recommendations………………………………………………
Purpose…………………………………………………………………………………
Summary……………………………………………………………………………….
Conclusions…………………………………………………………………………….
Recommendations……………………………………………………………………
To Improve the Study………………………………………………………….
Future Studies………………………………………………………………… References…………………………………………………………………………………… Appendices……………………………………………………………………………………
Appendix A: Release Form…………………………………………………………..

List of Figures
Figure 1. State Trait Anxiety Inventory Form Y-1……………………………………. Figure 2. State Trait Anxiety Inventory Form Y-2……………………………………. Figure 3.Journaling and Heartbeat Log…………………………………………………….. Figure 4. Participant Consent Form……………………………………………………………. Figure 5. Script for class…………………………………………………………………….…..61 Figure 6. Demographics Questionnaire……………………………………………….……….63 Figure...

References: Appleton, V. (2001). Avenues of hope: Art therapy and the resolution of trauma. Art Therapy, 18 , 6–13.
Chan, K. M. & Horneffer, K. (2006). Emotional expression and psychological symptoms: A comparison of writing and drawing. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 33, 26-36.
Crawford, J. R., & Henry, J. D. (2004). The Positive and Negative Affect schedule (PANAS):Construct validity,measurement properties and normative data in a large non-clinical sample. British Journal Of Clinical Psychology, 43(3), 245-265.
Gay, L
Gaut, D. & Boykin, A. (1994). Caring as healing: Renewal through hope. New York, NY: National League for Nursing Press.
Hamilton, M. (1959). The assessment of anxiety states by rating. Br J Med Psychol, 32, 50-55.
Jimenez, C., Navia-Osorio, P., & Diaz, C. (2010). Stress and health in novice and experienced nursing students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66(2), 442-455.
Marteau, T. M. and Bekker, H. (1992). The development of a six-item short-form of the state scale of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31: 301–306.
Mercer, A. Warson, E. & Zhao, J. (2010). Visual journaling: An intervention to influence stress, anxiety, and affect levels in medical students/ The Arts in Psychotherapy, 37. 143-148.
Metzger, R. L. (1976). A reliability and validity study of the state-trait anxiety inventory. Journal Of Clinical Psychology, 32(2), 276-278.
Mindgarden Inc. (2008). State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults. Retrieved 10/15/12 from
http://www.mindgarden.com/products/staisad.htm.
Pizarro, J. (2004). The efficacy of art and writing therapy: Increasing positive mental health outcomes and participant retention after exposure to traumatic experience. Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 21(1), 5-12.
Powell, E. (2012). Catharsis in psychology and beyond: A historic overview. Obtained December 14, 2012, from primal-page.com/cathar.htm.
Rule, W.R. and Traver, M.D. (1983). Test-retest reliabilities of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory in a stressful social analogue situation. Journal of Personality Assessment. 47(3), 276-277.
Sellek, T
Sharif, F. & Masoumi, S. (2005). A qualitative study of nursing student experiences of clinical practice. BMC Nursing 4(6).
Stewart, S., Buffett-Jerrott, S. & Kokaram, R. (2001). Heartbeat awareness and heart rate reactivity in anxiety sensitivity: A further investigation. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 15(6), 535-553.
Tilton, S.R. (2008). Review of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). NewsNotes,48(2).
Ullrich, P.M., Lutgendorf, S.K
Zigmond, A. S. & Snaith, R. P. (1983). The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67(6), 361-370.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Nursing Student Essay
  • nursing Essay
  • Essay on Nursing
  • Nursing Student Essay
  • Nursing Student Essay
  • Nursing Research Paper
  • student Essay
  • Nursing Students: A Study on the Effects of Using Gadgets Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free