On December 8th 1982, Gabriel Garcia Marquez was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Solitude of Latin America is the title of the speech he gave upon receiving this award. He received this award due to his novel One Hundred Years of Solitude which is a compilation of short stories that are both rich in fantasy as well as reality which depicts the life and conflicts of Latin America.
The issues he discussed in his speech were similar to those addressed in his book. his speech opened with an account of Antonio Pigfetta’s journey to the Latin America and the account he gave of what he saw to portray how the European’s view people of this region, as fantastical. It’s as if their existence is disbelieving and for this reason, he writes about his the customs, and way of life of the Latin American people, and their beliefs using “magical realism” in his works. He also addressed the hardships his people has endured at the hands of foreign policy and the effects it had long after they gained their independence but have gone unnoticed by the outside world. He also addressed the instability within the Latin American countries. There have been numerous wars, military coup, and ethnocide.
He also addressed the issue of modernity which was coined by European and Western society. By calling themselves modern, they became the yard stick to measure acceptance and everyone else where the “other” and considered inferior. This greatly impacted and excluded the Latin American Continents which were without a doubt different that the European and Western Continents.
He then addressed the issues the Latin American counties where experiencing at that time due to the lingering effects of colonial impact such as territorial disputes. He further highlighted the struggles they faced in terms of cultural acceptance, and social and political legitimacy.
He not only highlights the issues but he also recommends a solution. He says the