Jordan Syria Conflict
Committee: United Nations Security Council
School: Palos Verdes Peninsula HS
Topic: North Syrian Refugee Crisis
History and Background
As Syria’s uprising descends into an increasingly bloody civil war, the number of refugees fleeing the fighting has rocketed. In August 100,000 people escaped to safety in the neighboring states of Jordan, Turkey, Lebanon, and Iraq. The rate of people seeking refuge has brought the total to over 235,000 registered refugees, according to The United Nations refugee agency UNHCR. The number of unregistered refugees is estimated to be a far greater number, possibly as high as 1.5 million.
Even though the refugees escaped the civil war when they crossed the border they now face new problems. Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq are not capable of handling the crisis and most of the refugees are living in hastily put together camps. Resources, shelter, and work are all scarce for the refugees, and the international community has been slow to respond. The rapidly expanding crisis poses problems not only for refugees. The host states worry about the social, economic, and political pressures their new guests have brought.
United Nations Involvement
Expressing grave concern at the continuing escalation of violence in Syria, the United Nations General Assembly has adopted a resolution reiterating its call for rapid progress on a political transition to resolve the situation the Syrian issue peacefully.
Adopted by a vote of 107 in favor to 12 against, with 59 abstentions, the Assembly text expressed the body’s outrage at the rapidly increasing death toll in Syria. The resolution condemns the Syrian Government’s increased use of heavy weapons, and widespread violations of human rights.
This is the fifth resolution on the situation in Syria since 2011. The current measure welcomes the establishment of the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces to help with the