jom crow laws

Topics: African American, Black people, White people Pages: 6 (1901 words) Published: May 27, 2014

The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow Webquest
Directions: Use complete sentences when answering the questions.

Type in the following web address

Feel free to look at the pictures and read the information

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/

Click on Jim Crow Stories  

1. Click on People and then click on Ida B. Wells. Explain the problems Ida B. Wells faced and her accomplishments. Some problems Ida B. Wells faced were that both of her parents died of yellow fever and she suffered with dealing with Jim Crowe laws. For example, she bought a first class ticket for train ride but was forced to sit in the back in the “black section.” She refused to move and when the conductor tried to remove her she bit him and was later sued. Wells became a co-owner and editor of a local black newspaper called THE FREE SPEECH AND HEADLIGHT. When a friend of hers was lynched she wrote about the evils of lynching and encouraged blacks to leave Memphis. She continued to expose white violence and lynching. She later helped find the National Association of Colored Women and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

2. Click on People and then click on Marcus Garvey. Explain the problems Marcus Garvey faced and his accomplishments. Marcus Garvey came to the United States from Jamaica and was an ardent vlack nationalist who advocated self-help and unity among black people everywhere. Garvey launched the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) in Jamaica to try and unite blacks around the world. When he moved to New York in 1916 he became an orator and embarked on a national speaking tour and the UNIA established a branch in Harlem. He then published his most successful and important weekly newspaper, NEGRO WORLD, which promoted his nationalist ideals and encouraged blacks to return to Africa. To make that possible he established the Black Star Line, A shipping company that raised more than $600,000 before collapsing. He also created the Negro Factories Corporation. In 1923 US authorities successfully prosecuted and convicted Garvey for mail fraud in connection with stock sales for the black star line.

3. Click on People and then click on W.E.B. Du Bois: Explain the problems W.E.B. Du Bois faced and his accomplishments. W.E.B Du Bois was the first African American to receive a Ph. D in the subject of History from Harvard University. He was able to establish himself as the first great scholar of black life in America. Du Bois found himself in a bitter dispute with Walter White, The head of the NAACP, when Du Bois began to pen articles that advocated voluntary segregation. He later resigned from the editorship of THE CRISIS and the NAACP in 1934. When he was 83 years old the federal government prosecuted him for is affiliation with the communist party. A judge eventually threw out the case but he still officially joined the Communist Party in 1961 and moved to Ghana. He renounced his American citizen ship a year later.

4. Click on People and then Click on Booker T. Washington: Explain the problems Booker T. Washington faced and his accomplishments. Booker T Washinington is considered the most influential black educator of the later 19th and early 20th centuries. Washington was born a slave and faced great hardship through his determination to educate himself. Washington founded Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute on the Hampton model in the Black Belt of Alabama. He was able to earn the trust of white southerners and northern philanthropists to make Tuskegee into a model school of industrial education. Washington was convinced the school would enable blacks to escape the trap of sharecropping and debt. In 1895 Washingtion became a hero when he spoke ar the 1895 Cotton states and International Exposition in Atlanta. He publically accepted disfranchment and social segregation as long as whites would allow economic progress, educational opportunity,...
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