Professor kasiano Paul
EN 108 Intro to Philosophy
21 April 2015
“Rationalism is the thought that appeals to reason or intellect a primary or fundamental source of knowledge or justification.” “It is typically contrasted with empiricism, which appeals to sensory experience as a primary or fundamental source of knowledge or justification.” John Locke argues that, “We come to this world knowing nothing whatsoever.” (Warburton 74). He believes that experience teaches us everything we know. This view is usually known as empiricism, in contrast to innatism, (the theory that some of our knowledge is in born), and to rationalism (the strife that we can achieve knowledge of the world by the power of reason alone). Locke’s essay “Human Understanding” published in 1689, soon became a philosophical bestseller. He produced four editions of it in his lifetime, and it had already reached its eleventh by 1735. This book is complex and wide ranging work; its main focus is the origin and limits of human knowledge. He tries to answer these questions. * what can we know? * What is the relation between thought and reality? These are real the perennial questions of the branch of philosophy called epistemology, or the theory of knowledge. Locke described his role as that of an underlabourer , clearing away conceptual confusions so that the scientists, or natural philosophers, as they were then known, could carry on their important work of adding to human knowledge. (Warburton 75). No innate principle
1. Locke does not believe that it makes sense to say that someone could be having a thought without their knowing what that thought was about. He rejects any idea of unconscious thoughts as nonsensical. A) One argument he uses to support his claim that there are no innate principles is that it is obvious that there is not total agreement about what the supposedly innate principles might be. If we were all born knowing that, for example, we...
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