John Locke

Pages: 26 (8282 words) Published: October 31, 2014
John Locke, an Englishman who lived from 1632 to 1704, promoted some of the most influential ideas of the Enlightenment. He pioneered the idea that humans are naturally good, and are corrupted by society or government to becoming deviant. Locke described this idea in hisAn Essay Concerning Human Understanding as the tabula rasa, a Latin phrase meaning blank slate. The idea was not original to him, however. In fact, Locke directly took the idea from a Muslim philosopher from the 1100s, Ibn Tufail. In Ibn Tufails book,Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, he describes an identical idea about how humans act as a blank slate, absorbing experiences and information from their surroundings. The same idea manifests itself in the life of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). He stated that No child is born except on the fitra. Fitra here can be defined as the natural, pure state of a person. According to Islamic thought, all humans are born in a natural state of purity, with belief in one God, and that as they grow older, they adopt the ideas and beliefs of the people around them, particularly their parents. This is the intellectual forerunner of the tabula rasa that Locke learned from Ibn Tufail. Hb(k/LT02goUXVTUsUyTUVFUPU6RwRPQ__c FHTc2eXBrV,kMbLvv/LSCsfffq9J ---jf7zbrup@,mu6QucyGm7046l18cckihhIg5xfob4ekabi2)kft,9kaEJ6MVVyVVI,mWlPW vm))Sn1 9amtrtuvlp4Wggs5KvSmnzmM.AXq/vYO0mezyNk5/ B Yroc3g,Z0LoLGli)2.QStqt,YgjrvgjlRlcxEtsl3TtcwY5Y8 BP/OnMOEQJV8ChOFu3ORyMVDq-9R i0(Of ymslLRPL/xxHHZ3fPxYESw.1RdxihPXRUjyRCW4nZcadUjV_pFWN_ymJHnYJjA _mJtzj5a56zVwxWkEnbGwOEjtolmR6HpowpZAPHyu-mG1cu5W(dNyLkQgCtL_pbKGpHoeWtMjs.ynvw LzxemYGGF 6 ks2

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