1.1 Define what is meant by the term counselling
Counseling is a therapeutic relationship with a trained professional to help you understand the underlying causes of your problems and help you to find different ways of coping with and dealing with your difficulties.
1.2 Explain their own philosophical approach to counselling
“Counselling is a multi-dimensional process to aid the well-being of an individual, using techniques and theories to evoke feelings, thoughts and emotions.”
Counselling is a process which can be approached from many different angles depending on the client’s needs, beliefs, circumstances and history. There are a wide range of theories, techniques, skills and communication tools which can enable the counsellor to create a therapeutic relationship, whereby feelings, thoughts and emotions can be drawn upon to deal with difficulties one is experiencing.
1.3 Explain the impact this approach has on their practice as a counsellor There are many dimensions to our character. We are the sum total of everyone we have ever been. Inside we are children, teens, adults, friends, lovers, parents and wives or husbands. We usually behave differently with different people. There is the person we are with our close friends and with more distant friends, the person we are in our intimate relationships, the person we are with our family, the person we are at work, and many, many more.
Therefore everyone is different, and people act in different ways. Counselling needs to be client specific. What works for one person may not work for another, therefore the counsellor needs to be open minded and prepared to use different theories, techniques and skills. A multi-dimensional approach is often the most effective way of working.
2.1 Evaluate the need for an ethical framework for counselling and psychotherapy
All clients are entitled to good standards of practice and care from