Job Design, Participation, and Work Arrangement
AND WORK ARRAGEMENTS
Peter James D. Cortazar
HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN THE ORGANIZATION
DR. NERI S. PESCADERA
Dean, Graduate School of Management
November 19, 2010
JOB DESIGN, PARTICIPATION, and WORK ARRANGEMENT
A. DEFINITION OF TERMS:
B. HOW CAN JOB DESIGN IMPROVE WORKER WELL-BEING AND WORKPLACE PERFORMANCE?
- Reducing Occupational Stress (Targetting the Individual) - If you can’t take the heat… - Work Design - Reducing Occupational Stress (Targetting the Company)
C. JOB DESIGN:
- A major cause of effective job performance is job design - Initial Step--Job Analysis - Job Design and Quality of Work Life (QWL) - Indicators of quality of work life Inflation and GDP - Conceptual Model of Job Design and Job Performance - Job design attempts - Designing Job Range - Designing Job Depth: Job Enrichment
D. JOB CHARACTERISTIC THEORY:
- How can we design a job that motivates people? - The Job Characteristics Model - Job Characteristics Theory - Key Characteristics to Address - Problems associated with job design - Job Design: Key Characteristics to Address - Alternative Work Arrangements
A. DEFINITION OF TERMS
Job design is presented from an interdisciplinary perspective with an emphasis on how job design decisions can influence attitudes and work behavior within organizations.
|Terms |Definitions |
|Compressed work week |A situation in which employees work a full 40 hour week in fewer than the traditional five days |
|Empowerment |The process of enabling workers to set their own work goals, make decision, and solve problems within |
References: Parker, S., & Wall, T. (1998). Job and Work Design, Organizing Work to Promote Well-Being and Effectiveness. Thousand Oaks, California, Sage Publications. (Paperback text available in POLY/CUNY bookstore) Campion, M.A Aronoff, S., & Kaplan, A., (1995) Workplace Diagnostics. In Total Workplace Performance: Rethinking the Office Environment (pp. 307-356).Ottawa, Canada, WDL Publications. Cascio, W.F Selected Chapters from: Becker, F. & Steel, F. (1995) Workplace by Design. Parker, S. K., & Ohly, S. (2008). Designing motivating work. In Kanfer, R., Chen, G., & Pritchard, R. Work motivation: Past, present and future. A SIOP Frontier Series volume. Lawrence Erlbaum.