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Topics: Slavery, Portugal, Spain Pages: 6 (2247 words) Published: October 29, 2014

CHAPTER 19: Early Latin America
Dilektos is required for Chapter 19.
KEY TERMS
Write a detailed and complete definition of the following terms (what does it mean and why is it significant?), or identify and explain the significance of the individuals (what did they do and why are they significant?). DO NOT COPY your answers from the textbook. Your answers must be in your own words. Your answers should be a minimum of three (3) complete sentences. [*] represents information you need to know for the SOL test. *Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile: They were both monarchs of one of the largest Christian kingdoms located in Iberia. Ferdinand’s marriage to Isabella allowed them to unite Spain. They are credited with the reconquest of Granada and initiating the exploration of the new world. Encomiendas: are grants of Indian laborers that were made to Spanish conquerors. Also to the Spanish settlers in Mesoamerica and South America. These grants formed the basis for the early forms for coerced labor in the Spanish colonies. *Mexico City: was the capital of New Spain. It was actually built on ruins. The ruins it was built on were of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan. *Potosí: was a mine. It was located in upper Peru/modern Bolivia. It was one of the largest silver mines in the new world. Treaty of Tordesillas: was a treaty. It set spheres of influence and rights of possession in the New World. It was signed in 1494 by Castile and Portugal. *Peninsulares: were a group of people. They lived in the New World Spanish colonies. On the other hand, they were born in Spain. *Creoles: were whites who were born in the new world. They tended to dominate the Latin American economy. They were ranked just beneath the peninsulares. War of the Spanish Succession: was a war that resulted from the Bourbon family’s succession. It was ended by the Treaty of Utrecht. It resulted in the loss of some lands and grants of commercial rights to the English and the French. READING QUESTIONS

Write complete answers to the following questions. Your answers should address ALL parts of each question and should be complete sentences written in your own words. Each answer should be a minimum of five (5) sentences. A deep understanding of these questions will prepare you for tests, quizzes and essays. *Describe the diffusion of Iberian society to the New World. The Iberian society consisted of based agriculture system which is also seen in Latin America. Mining was incorporated by the Spanish. The spainsh also influenced the Iberian society through the use of African slaves. Both Europe and the Iberians were unable to develop banking systems. The influence of small industries (textiles) allowed Iberian society’s economy to prosper. *Identify the nature of the Spanish system of government in the American colonies. The Spanish ruled over the America colonies. There for they were also in control of the American Colonies’ governments. The Spanish were controlling. The Americans had hopes for freedom of religion and economic opportunity. As did their previous establishers (the puritans). *Describe the social hierarchy of the American colonies. The social hierarchy of the American colonies was heavily impacted by color. There were few European women so the Indian women suffered. This resulted in the mestizos having a higher status than the Indians. Europeans were at the top of the social hierarchy. African slaves were at the bottom along with the Indians. CHAPTER 20: Africa and the Africans in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade Dilektos is NOT required for chapter 20 

KEY TERMS
Write a detailed and complete definition of the following terms (what does it mean and why is it significant?), or identify and explain the significance of the individuals (what did they do and why are they significant?). DO NOT COPY your answers from the textbook. Your answers must be in your own words. Your answers should be a minimum of three (3) complete...
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