1.1: WHAT IS PERSONALITY
The overall profile or combination of characteristics that capture the unique nature of a person as that person reacts and interacts with others or relating to the environment. Combine the relatively stable set of physical and mental characteristics that reflect how a person looks, thinks, acts and feels. There is a debate about whether or how far the factors of heredity (nature) and environment (nurture) influence oersonality. There are two main approaches:
* NOMOTHETIC APPROACH ( “law setting”)
It focuses on general statements that account for larger social patterns that form the context of single events or individual behaviour and experience * IDIOGRAPHIC APPROACH
It focuses on individual cases or events
1,2 Traits are consistantly observable properties, or the tendency for a person to behave in a particular way ( hoạt náo tự nói ) If you say someone is generally sweet-tempered (dễ thương) or undemonstrative ( kín đáo), you are identifying traits in their personality.
People who possess a particular trait are likely yo possess certain other compatible or related traits: TRAIT CLUSTERS. Thus a person who is sociable and expressive is also likely yo be impulsive, risk-taking, active, irresponsible, and partical. Taken as a whole the trait cluster frm an identifiable PERSONALITY TYPE: in this case, an “extrovert” personality.
Traits/ type theories of personality basically pigeon-hole people, putting theminto categories defined by certain common behaviour patterns.
1.3 Big Five” personality traits:
The degree to which someone is curious, receptive to new things, and open to change. Conscientiousness.
The degree to which someone is responsible, dependable, and careful. Extroversion.
The degree to which someone is outgoing, sociable, and assertive. Agreeableness.
The degree to which someone is good-natured, cooperative, and trusting. Neuroticism
The degree to which someone is...
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