The Jews enjoyed complete freedom and had a very liberal situation in Rome and the Roman Empire during the early period BCE. In spite of them enjoying freedom there still had to suffer a certain amount of restrictions. Racism on Jews was predominant during that era and was also prevalent during the reign of Augustus Caesar which eventually led to the destruction of Jerusalem.
As early as 6 CE, there was the annexation of Judea which meant the nation of Judea of Jews was seized as an imperial province by Emperor Augustus though it was a peaceful affair resulting in both the parties benefiting. In spite of the annexation, Judea gained more stability and wealth, while Rome extended its province. However, the problems between the Jews and the Romans erupted again with the death of Augustus in the 14 AD and Tiberius taking over as the Emperor. During his reign, there was immense prejudice towards the Jews resulting in him expelling them from Rome. After a few decades, they were again expelled by Claudius. This led to strained relationship between the two groups. This aggravated with the appointment of Pontius Pilate, the Procurator of Judea. Much to the disgruntled Jews, Pilate went around violating Jewish customs.
Owing to the corruption being carried out in the Roman Empire, the Jewish population in Palestine slowly started to revolt. They started to turn rebellious throughout the Empire, predominantly at Judea. The revolt resulted in a pagan sacrifice in front of a synagogue in Caesarea in 66AD. There were massive protests resulted in scores of Jews being arrested. The Roman Procurator of Judea, Gessius Florus worsened the whole situation by setting out his troops on Jerusalem resulting in thousands being killed. Jews fought back and were successful in defeating Florus' troops as well as conquering Rome's 12th Legion. Emperor Nero was not too happy with the turn of events and sent one of his minor generals, Vespania, who later became the future emperor, to...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document