Jesus Christ Ch 5

Topics: Kingdom of Judah, Israelites, David Pages: 8 (582 words) Published: December 3, 2014
JESUS CHRIST:
GOD’S REVELATION
TO THE WORLD
CHAPTER 5
KINGS AND PROPHETS
AWAITING THE MESSIAH

Conquest of the Promised
Land

Joshua
The Lord fought
for Israel, and
without his help,
the Israelites
would never have
settled in the
“land flowing
with milk and
honey.”
Joshua led the
Israelites into the
Promised Land.

Judges
In ancient Israel, judges were those who
acted as temporary military leaders, as
well as arbiters of disputes within and
between tribes.
Judges were also expected to remind the
people of their responsibility to God.
DEBORAH
 GIDEON
 JEPHTHAH
 SAMSON


Cycle of Apostasy

The Monarchy of Israel
Israel’s Final Judge






Samuel was Israel’s
last and most
significant judge.
Toward the end of his
life, the people
clamored for a king.
Samuel warned
against this.

Choosing a King






Saul was selected king
but lost the kingship
because he disobeyed
divine commands.
David was anointed by
Samuel to replace
Saul.
Saul fell on his sword
in despair.

Israel’s
Greatest King
David became the sole
king of Israel, uniting all
tribes into a single
nation.
David brought the Ark of
the Covenant to
Jerusalem to show
YHWH’s abiding
presence to the new
nation.
David had has faults for
which he begged
forgiveness.
Solomon succeeded his
father as king.

A Divided
Kingdom
Solomon was known for his
wisdom.
Solomon was corrupted by his
office.
After his death, Israel was split
into the Kingdom of Judah
(south) and the Kingdom of
Israel (north).
Assyria’s destruction of the
northern kingdom in 721 BC
Babylonian captivity of the
southern kingdom in 587-586
BC

God Sends Prophets

Prophets of the
Northern Kingdom
Elijah and Elisha






Elijah taunted the
king’s pagan prophets
Next to Moses, Elijah is
the greatest of the OT
prophets.
He was present at
Jesus’ Transfiguration
Elisha succeeded Elijah

Prophets of the
Northern Kingdom
Amos


Message: Worship of
God must show itself
in concrete deeds of
mercy and justice to
the weak and the
poor.

Hosea


Message: To accuse
Israel of sin and
infidelity to God but
show that God still
loved the Chosen
People

Prophets of the
Southern
Kingdom
Isaiah





Largest of all the
prophetic books
The Chosen People
must imitate God’s
holiness by righteous
living and true
worship.
Compared the nation
to a vineyard that God
cultivated

Prophets of the
Southern
Kingdom
Jeremiah





Shouted the love of a
God who desperately
wanted the Chosen
People to repent
Became a living symbol
of God’s message
Compared YHWH to a
potter who would mold
the nation in his hands

Prophets of the
Southern Prophets
Micah


Message: Foretold a
coming Messiah who
would lead Israel to
peace and justice

Ezekiel


Message: keep the
Sabbath and follow
the law of holiness

The Babylonian Exile
Living in a foreign land and
intermarriage led to a loss of
identity.
Without a Temple, Jewish exiles
gathered in synagogues where
they studied and prayed together.

The Message
of Second
Isaiah

SUFFERING SERVANT
SONGS








Speaks of God’s Chosen
One who will bring
justice to the world and
treat the bruised reed
tenderly
Tells how God chose the
servant before his birth
Describes how God’s
special messenger runs
into resentment
Parallels to Jesus
Christ’s suffering—lamb
led to slaughter

Return and
Recommitment
After the return to the Holy Land, a
purified Judaism was more faithful to its
vocation of witnessing to the nations by
keeping the Law.

Jesus Christ—the Messiah—was born in
Bethlehem while Herod the Great ruled as
king of Judea.

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