(1) In media res is usually used in the middle of short stories at a crucial time in the action. In media res uses dramatic action, which sets up the characters and situations. (2) Suspense is used in short stories to make the reader feel for the characters and desire a certain outcome. Suspense is the anxiety of a certain outcome. (3) Irony is the use of words to express a meaning that is contradictory of its literal meaning. Irony is important in short stories because it helps the writer and audience has a shared understanding. The author can grab the audience’s attention by confusing them through Irony. (4) Epiphany is a sudden realization. In short stories Epiphany can be used by showing a character has had a sudden flash of recognition in which someone or something is seen in a new light.
Part 2) Distinguish between the following pairs and give an example of each SLANG AND CLICHÉ- Cliché is an expression that has been worn out through constant use. Although they are common in speech, they make writing seem stale. Slang is an informal nonstandard vocabulary composed typically of coinages, arbitrarily changed words, and extravagant, forced, or facetious figures of speech Examples: clichés: last but not least Slang: When Paul tried to put the move on Maria, she told him to shove off. Denotation and Connotative- Denotation refers to the literal meaning of a word, the dictionary definition. However, connotative is the meaning of a word exists together with the denotative meaning. It refers to the associations that are connected to a certain word or the emotional suggestions related to that word Example: Denotative meaning of snake is any of numerous scaly, legless, sometimes venomous reptiles having a long, tapering, cylindrical body and found in most tropical and temperate regions. The connotative meaning of snake is “evil or danger”. EUPHEMISM AND FANCY WORDS- Euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or...
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