jean Paul Sartre

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Jean Paul Sartre

Sartre’s Life
Jean-Paul Charles-Aymard Sartre was born on June 21, 1905, in Paris, France. His father, Jean-Baptiste Sartre, was an officer in the French Navy. His mother, Anne-Marie Schweitzer, was the cousin of Nobel Prize laureate Dr. Albert Schweitzer. Sartre was one year old when his father died. He was raised in Meudon, at the home of his tough grandfather Charles Schweitzer, a high school professor. His early education included music, mathematic, and classical literature. He studied at the Lycee Montaigne and at Lycee Henri IV in Paris. In 1917 his mother married an engineer at the naval yards in La Rochelle. There young Sartre suffered under his controlling stepfather, whom he called an "intruder". Such experiences shaped his character to rebel. After graduating from the Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1929 with a doctorate in philosophy, he served in the French Army from 1929-31. He then served as schoolmaster for several years at Le Havre, Lyon, and Paris. He published his first novel,Nausea, in 1938, and a year later, a volume of short stories entitled The Wall. His literary career, however, was put on hold in 1939 when the French Army was mobilized. He was taken prisoner in June of 1940 and imprisoned in Staleg XIID near Trier. After nine months in the German prison camp, Sartre managed to escape and made his way to Paris where he joined the French Underground.
Somehow, in spite of the German occupation, Sartre managed not only to write another book, but to get two plays produced in the occupied capital. In 1943, Charles Dullin produced Sartre's first play, Les Mouches or The Flies, at the Théâtre de la Cité. In The Flies, Sartre uses the classic Oresteian myth as a vehicle for his existential philosophy. The play revolves around the return of Orestes to his homeland, Argos, several years after the murder of his father at the hands of his mother Clytemnestra and her lover Aegistheus. Rejecting the sense of guilt which the murderers

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