Japanese Animation

Topics: Anime, Manga, Osamu Tezuka Pages: 14 (5078 words) Published: April 5, 2007

Japanese Anime

Anime, which is short for (animēshon) from the English word "animation", in the western world most popularly refers to the medium of animation originating in Japan, with distinctive character and background aesthetics that visually set it apart from other forms of animation (e.g. Walt Disney films, Warner Bros. short cartoons). (Baricordi, Andrea; Pelletier, Claude (2000). Anime: A Guide to Japanese Animation (1958-1988). Montreal, Canada: Protoculture).

In Japan, the word anime is used to refer to all forms of animated film from around the world. While some anime is entirely hand-drawn, computer assisted animation techniques are, in recent years, quite common. Storylines are typically fictional; examples of anime representing most major genres of fiction exist. Anime is broadcast on television, distributed on media such as DVD and VHS, or included in computer and video games. Anime is often influenced by Japanese comics known as "manga".

The American market for anime and related products has been growing by leaps and bounds: in 1999 it was estimated to be $10 million a year business in 2000 it passed $100 million, and in 2002 it reached $500 million. In 2001 an all anime cable channel hit the airwaves. The current number of releases range from 20 to 450 videos a month. Most anime are based on manga, Japanese comics, which may also be available in English translation. Be aware that anime is not to be equated with kid's cartoons. There are as many genres in anime as there are in cinema and fiction, with plenty of material for all ages. With title for teens or adults, the content is no more extreme than what would be in American video for the same age group.

Anime is release in three ways in Japan: theatrical features, TV series, and OVA (Original Video Animation). OVA is direct – to – video distribution which have been proven to be the successful way to release title in a niche market. The quality is usually quite high, better than TV and often as good, or better than theatrical features. Features are single video product, and OVA may be one or few videos, a TV series is several video and usually 13 or 26 episodes, occasionally longer. Any labeling should indicate which volume a video is within a set as the only other indication may be the description on the package. Because of this type of publishing that comes from comic and enter into the broadcasting makes it becomes one of the unique art that have attract the whole world. Anime not only been known as a child reading stuff but it also become one of the collections and hobby by an adult.

Japanese Manga
Many people might say "Manga are Japanese comics, and Anime is the Japanese version of animation. Anime is usually, but not always, the animated version of popular manga." That's partially true, but it can be misleading. (Note that "anime" in Japan technically means any animated film, and "manga" is any printed cartoon, but people in the rest of the world take them to mean animated films or comics from Japan.) First of all, though an outsider might think Japan "stole" comics from the West, this is not true. Japan has been making cartoon art for a very long time (there are humorous ink drawings of animals and caricatured people from hundreds of years ago, bearing striking resemblances to modern manga). True, some aspects of Japanese manga are taken from the West (Osamu Tezuka, the "father" of modern manga, was influenced by Disney and Max Fleisher), but its main features, such as simple lines and stylized features, are distinctly Japanese. It may be that Chinese art had more influence than Western. Secondly, Japanese manga and Japanese anime come in all types, for all sorts of people. Unlike the U.S., which generally seems to believe that "comics are for kids" (though this has been changing recently), Japanese manga-ka (manga writers) write for everyone from innocent young children to perverted sex-starved men...
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