Japan

Topics: Japan, History of Japan, Empire of Japan Pages: 37 (8724 words) Published: March 6, 2015
Japan
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For the Wikipedia Manual of Style concerning Japan-related articles, see MOS:JP "Nippon" redirects here. For other uses, see Japan (disambiguation) and Nippon (disambiguation).

Japan


日本国
Nippon-koku
Nihon-koku




Flag

Imperial Seal

Anthem:




"Kimigayo"
"君が代"

MENU
0:00

Government Seal of Japan




五七桐 (Go-Shichi no Kiri )
?

Tokyo

Capital

35°41′N 139°46′E

None[1]

Official languages
Recognised
regional languages







Ethnic groups(2011[2]) 





Government

several other Japanese dialects

Japanese

National language

Demonym

Aynu itak
Ryukyuan languages
Eastern Japanese
Western Japanese

98.5% Japanese
0.5% Korean
0.4% Chinese
0.6% other
Japanese
Unitary parliamentaryconstitutional
monarchy

- Emperor

Akihito

- Prime Minister

Shinzō Abe

- Deputy Prime Minister

Tarō Asō

Legislature

National Diet

- Upper house

House of Councillors

- Lower house

House of Representatives

Formation
- National Foundation

11 February 660 BC[3]

Day
- Meiji Constitution

29 November 1890

- Current constitution

3 May 1947

- San Francisco

28 April 1952

Peace Treaty
Area
377,944 km2[4] (62nd)

- Total

145,925 sq mi
- Water (%)

0.8

Population
- 2014 estimate

126,434,964[5] (10th)

- 2010 census

128,056,026[6]

- Density

337.1/km2 (36th)
873.1/sq mi

GDP (PPP)

2014 estimate

- Total

$4.788 trillion[7] (4th)

- Per capita

$37,683[7] (28th)

GDP (nominal)

2014 estimate

- Total

$4.770 trillion[7] (3rd)

- Per capita

$37,540[7] (26th)

Gini (2008)

37.6[8]
medium · 76th

HDI (2013)

0.890[9]
very high · 17th

Currency

Yen (¥) / En 円 (JPY)

JST (UTC+9)

Time zone
- Summer (DST)

Date format

not observed (UTC+9)





yyyy-mm-dd
yyyy年m月d日
Era yy年m月d日 (AD−1988)

Drives on the

left

Calling code

+81

ISO 3166 code

JP

Internet TLD

.jp
You may need rendering support to
display the Japanese text in this article
correctly.

Japan /dʒəˈpæn/ (Japanese: 日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihonkoku, literally "[the] State of Japan") is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is often referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".

i

Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which together comprise about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area. Japan has the world's tenth-largest population, with over 126 million people. Honshū's Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the de facto capital of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan areain the world, with over 30 million residents. Archaeological research indicates that people lived in Japan as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly Imperial China, followed by periods of isolation, later from Western European influence, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shoguns in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was only ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. Nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection followed before the Meiji Emperor was restored as head of state in 1868 and the Empire of Japan was proclaimed, with the Emperor as a divine symbol of the nation. In the late 19th...

References: This marked the beginning of the Heian period (794–1185), during which a distinctly indigenous
Japanese culture emerged, noted for its art, poetry and prose
The Zen school of Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period (1185–1333) and
became popular among the samurai class.[31]The Kamakura shogunate repelled Mongol invasions in
Samurai could kill a commoner for the slightest insult and were widely feared by the Japanese population. Edo
period, 1798
Ashikaga Takauji established the shogunate in Muromachi, Kyoto. This was the start of
the Muromachi Period (1336–1573)
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