Jamestown Essay

Topics: United States, Slavery, Indentured servant Pages: 1 (630 words) Published: October 25, 2014
Jamestown was the first English settlement in North America. John Smith played a huge role in Jamestown and the early settlers faced lots of hardships. Slavery changed the economy and farming. The House of Burgesses was the first government body in the colonies. Jamestown was the first English settlement in North America. Jamestown was established by the Virginia Company of London. King James I of England had granted the Virginia Company an agreement to establish colonies in Virginia. The agreement had two branches of the company, the Virginia Company of London and the Virginia Company of Plymouth. Jamestown was established by this company. Colonists started to arrive at Jamestown on May 13, 1607. Jamestown was established because it was an attempt to begin settling the new world. John Smith played a huge role in Jamestown and the early settlers faced lots of hardships. John Smith was one of the first seven members of the Council. He was President of the Council from September 1608 to September 1609. The Council was a governing body in Virginia that was arranged by the Virginia Company. Smith also served as a supply officer. He obtained food from the Indians through trade. Smith also explored the Chesapeake Bay and wrote about his experiences after he got back to England in 1609. (“John Smith”) The early settlers faced lots of problems. The settlers did not how to hunt or farm at first. Thus, it led to starvation and hunger. The relationship with the Powhatan Indians was unsteady. They sometimes provided food, but they kept Jamestown under blockade. It was very hard for the settlers to obtain necessary things until they had learned how to grow tobacco. Slavery had also started in Jamestown. As tobacco became a major crop, colonists and farmers realized that they needed help. Tobacco was easy to grow, but the colonists cannot harvest all by themselves. Africans were then brought to Jamestown to help with farming and sold as indentured servants. Europeans also...


Cited: Ortuso, Emily. "Slavery in Jamestown." Early English Colonies of North America. N.p.. Web.
<http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/houseofburgesses.htm>.
"John Smith." Enchanted Learning. N.p.. Web.
<http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/page/s/smith.shtml>.
"The Virginia House of Burgesses." Social Studies for Kids. N.p.. Web.
<http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/houseofburgesses.htm>.
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