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Jamestown's prosperity was ensured by tobacco cultivation
The selection of a site for Jamestown was primarily based on the settlers': fear of surprise attacks
Unlike Virginia, Maryland was established d. as a religious sanctuary for persecuted Catholics from England.
English settlers in seventeenth-century America could be characterized best in terms of their a. striking social diversity
Those who migrated to the Chesapeake Bay area as indentured servants were
c. normally single, lower-class males in their teens or early twenties.
The individual largely responsible for Maryland's settlement was Select one:
a. Sir George Calvert.
Which one of the following was NOT a factor that stimulated English migration to the New World?
d. government laws that forced the migration of the poorer classes
The first three years of Jamestown's history witnessed Select one: terrible hardship and suffering
Jamestown might have gone the way of Roanoke had it not been for the perseverance of b. Captain John Smith
The _____ Company was responsible for the settlement of Jamestown in Virginia. Select one:
c. Virginia
In 1624, Virginia became
c. a royal colony.
Although women arrived in Jamestown as early as 1608, the majority of immigrants to the colony were :
a. young, single males who came as indentured servants.
The attitude of King James I toward tobacco Select one: b. showed that, in the end, he valued revenue more than good health. In 1622, the Native American tribes of Virginia Select one: a. viciously attacked the Jamestown settlement
Under the "headright" system in Virginia, c. all new arrivals who had paid their trans-Atlantic fares received fifty-acre land grants.
The joint-stock company Select one: encouraged investment in colonial enterprises, with "limited liability" for the investors
Upon arriving in the New World, English settlers Select one: b. generally adapted old beliefs to the new environment. After 1618, the Virginia Company's principal means of attracting new settlers was Select one: c. a system of land grants.
To resolve the problem of the vast expenses New World settlement required, English merchant-capitalists introduced the concept of c. the joint-stock company. The labor system of Jamestown in its early years Select one: b. replicated the traditional work experience of the settlers

The great rebellion of Native Americans in New England in 1675 was known as
c. King Philip's War.
By the late 1600s, the gap between rich and poor in white Chesapeake society b steadily widened.
The Glorious Revolution in Maryland was strongly influenced by
d. pent-up antiproprietary and anti-Catholic sentiment.
The explanation for the tremendous population growth of seventeenth-century New England can be found in the Select one:
d. long lives of New England settlers.
By the end of the seventeenth century, Virginia could best be described a: Select one: a plantation society, dominated by a slaveholding aristocracy.
The eighteenth-century population of the lowlands of South Carolina was__percent black.
Enumerated goods Select one:
d. could be sold only to the mother country.
The most important reason for the difference between the New England and Chesapeake colonies was
b. the much higher mortality rate of the Chesapeake colony.
British authorities based their colonial commercial policies on the theory of Select one:
During the Salem witchcraft hysteria, Increase Mather and other leading Congregational ministers urged restraint and caution.
By 1700, the population of New England had reached people.Select one:
The sources of the witchcraft hysteria in Salem , Select one:
d. are not known exactly. During the colonial period, the bulk of the slaves sent to the North American colonies were
e. British.
The intention of the Navigation Acts was
a. allow England to monopolize American trade.
The character of the first English settlements in the New World Select one:
c. differed substantially from colony to colony from the very beginning of colonization.
Of the estimated 11 million African slaves carried to America, the great majority were Select one:
a. Brazil and the Caribbean.
The central figure of the Glorious Revolution in New York was Select one:
a. Jacob Leisler.
Which of the following was NOT a possible cause of the Salem witchcraft hysteria? Select one:
Salem's history of engaging in occult practices
The Navigation Acts established the principle that Select one:
d. all of these
The Half-Way Covenant of seventeenth-century New England Select one:
a. lessened, somewhat, the requirements for baptism as a Congregationalist.

Followers of the Great Awakening, who emphasized a powerful, emotional religion, were known as
"New Lights."
The West Indies played a vital role in the colonial economy by providing colonial merchants with profits that offset their British debts.
The one American who, more than anyone else, symbolized the spirit of the Enlightenment was
e. Benjamin Franklin.
Great Awakening ministers introduced a new form of preaching called expressive evangelism.
By the 1760s, a substantial percentage of American exports involved trade with the West Indies
After 1690, Americans increasingly became part of the larger Anglo-American world.
The Great Awakening took place in many regions of the colonies, over several decades of the eighteenth century.
Which of the following was NOT an important effect of the Great Awakening?
b. It strengthened the authority of the old colonial religions.
The two most important leaders of the Great Awakening in colonial America were
a. Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield.
A major financial problem that confronted mid-eighteenth-century America involved the heavy debt owed to the British.
The factor most responsible for the growth in the American colonies between 1700 and 1770 was the natural reproduction of colonial families.
Colonial ministers who opposed the Great Awakening were known as b"Old Lights."
In 1715, approximately 20 percent of adult men in England could vote.
The first large group of German immigrants moved to America seeking b religious tolerance.
In eighteenth-century Great Britain, the constitution was an expanding body of laws, statutes, and decisions.
The shifting patterns of eighteenth-century colonial trade helped to
"anglicize" American culture.
The largest group of white, non-English immigrants to the colonies were the Scotch-lrish
Which one of the following individuals was not a prominent preacher during the Great Awakening?
a. John Locke
During much of the eighteenth century, the population of colonial America was with half the people b young; under 16
The first permanent European settlement in what would become the United States was
St. Augustine.
The Boston Massacre
b. raised the possibility of colonial armed resistance.
American colonists, in the years just after the conclusion of the Seven Years' War, could be characterized best as optimistic about the future.
Central to the colonists' position in the Anglo-American debate over parliamentary powers was their strong belief in the powers of their own provincial assemblies.
The Stamp Act of 1765 affected
c. the lives of ordinary people, as well as those of the elite.
George III believed the monarch should make policies for the empire.
The Tea Act of 1773 was passed in order to
a. save the East India Company.
One consequence of the Townshend Acts was
a. the strengthening of intercolonial unity.
The boycott movement against the Stamp Act mobilized colonial women to action.
As a result of the Sugar Act, the duty on molasses was
a. reduced significantly.
A major source of information for the colonists was
a. newspapers.
Approximately Loyalists who sided with the British during the War for Independence eventually left America.
b. 100,000
Common Sense provided the colonists with a rationale for revolution.

The central element in the Anglo-American debate over governance was known as parliamentary sovereignty.
England passed the Coercive Acts in response to the Boston Tea Party.
The extended Canadian boundaries into the Ohio Valley and recognized civil rights for Roman Catholics.
a. Quebec Act
The most important responsibility facing the Second Continental Congress was to organize the colonies for war.
Aggravating the problems created by the Seven Years' War debt was
George Ill's desire to maintain a large standing army.
A major difficulty that confronted the First Continental Congress was
e. the fact that the delegates from different regions were unfamiliar with one another.
In the 1760s and 1770s, most members of Parliament had little understanding and knowledge of colonial affairs.
During the Confederation period, nationalists were people who called for major constitutional reforms that would strengthen the national government.
How many states did not have to draft new constitutions, since they already had republican governments as part of their colonial charters?
Compared with the French, Russian, and Chinese Revolutions, the American Revolution could be characterized as more tame and less wrenching.
The most important controversy dealt with by the government under the Articles of Confederation involved the disposition of western lands.
The Articles of Confederation jealously guarded state sovereignty at the expense of national power.
The most brilliant American political theorist of the post-Revolutionary period was
James Madison.
Which of the following was NOT a criticism of American government under the Articles of Confederation?
b.that it gave too much power to a central government
An important innovation characteristic of state constitutions was the demand that they be ratified by conventions specially elected for that purpose alone
The Jay-Gardoqui Treaty proposed to postpone free navigation of the Mississippi River for twenty-five years
The most obvious contradiction to the principles expressed in the founding of the American republic was the continued existence of slavery in much of the nation.

The most important accomplishment of Congress under the Articles of Confederation was its passage of ordinances organizing the Northwest Territory.
The Newburgh Conspiracy involved discontented officers of the Continental Army
With respect to women, the political ideology of the American Revolution caused them to be more assertive about their roles in the family.
The most important result of the Annapolis Meeting of 1786 was the nationalists' recommendation to Congress for a convention to revise the Articles of Confederation.
The Constitutional Convention took place in
Most new state constitutions after the American Revolution included Declarations of Rights.
An important fact about the Americans who wrote the first state constitutions was that they demanded written documents.
The European philosopher whose ideas supported the theory of state sovereignty was
The Genet affair involved
d. France's use of American ships in violation of United States pledge of neutrality.
Which of the following did Hamilton and Jefferson have in common?
a. faith in a republican society
Members of the Federalist Party
d. supported a strong national government.
James Madison opposed Hamilton's proposal for the public debt because he believed only a chosen few would benefit.
Thomas Jefferson felt it was important that the new government
d. lean toward France in the event it clashed with Britain. the Report On Manufacturers suggested protective tariffs and industrial subsidies.
For many Americans, George Washington was a symbol of the new government.
In the early 1790s, British actions toward the United States indicated
c. disdain for American rights.
Which of the following individuals is incorrectly matched with his position in George Washington's first cabinet?
James Madison-Secretary of Commerce
Alexander Hamilton failed to achieve his economic policy objectives in his attempt to secure passage of a protective tariff.
During Washington's administration, policy was made by
c. the president.
Working behind the scenes to inform the British of John Jay's intentions in treaty negotiations was
c. Alexander Hamilton.
The greatest challenge facing the first Washington administration was
c. financial.
Hamilton's Report On The Public Credit recommended that the federal government assume remaining state debts.
During Washington's second term in office,
a. foreign affairs became a much more important focus.
By the end of Washington's first term of office.
b. political squabbling had divided the government.
The Bank of the United States was based on the doctrine of implied powers.
Which of the following would Alexander Hamilton have proposed? providing government subsidies to manufacturers

The Barbary States were located in
North Africa.
Who first explored the Louisiana Territory all the way to the Pacific? b. Lewis and Clark
What difficulty did Jefferson face in purchasing the Louisiana Territory? the constitutionality of his actions
By 1810, one-fifth of the American population was made up of
Thomas Jefferson's attitude toward Native Americans showed that he respected them as people, but was not impressed by their culture.
The U.S. population in 1810 totaled approximately people.
7.2 million
Which of the following statements is NOT true of President Thomas Jefferson?
He loved the military and saw it as America's greatest asset.
As the chief negotiator with France, he engineered the Louisiana Purchase.
James Monroe
Under his direction, the United States saw the birth of the factory system.
Samuel Slater
Under Jeffersonian Republicanism,
a. many Americans believed opportunities were available to them.
Which of the following factors contributed to Thomas Jefferson's decision to make the Louisiana Purchase?
a. Spain closing the port of New Orleans to American commerce
The United States' success in dealing with the Barbary States during the war from 1801 to 1805 was the result of the American naval blockade of those nations.
How did Jefferson and Gallatin deal with the national debt?
They decreased the functions of the national government.

Chief Justice John Marshall believed in judicial review.
The chief function of American cities during the Jeffersonian era was as b. depots for international trade.
Samuel Chase's impeachment trial maintained the independence of the judiciary.
Which Native American leader attempted to unify the tribes against white settlement?
a. Tecumseh

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