James Bond

Topics: James Bond, Casino Royale, Ian Fleming Pages: 12 (4458 words) Published: December 13, 2012
James Bond
James Bond, 007 characters
Ian Fleming's image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. First appearanceCasino Royale, 1953 novel
Last appearanceCarte Blanche, 2011 novel
Created byIan Fleming
Occupation00 Agent
TitleCommander (Royal Naval Reserve)
FamilyAndrew Bond (Father)
Monique Delacroix Bond (Mother)
Spouse(s)Teresa di Vicenzo (widowed)
Harriett Horner (invalid)
Significant other(s)Kissy Suzuki
ChildrenJames Suzuki Bond (son with Kissy)
RelativesCharmian Bond (Aunt)
Max Bond (Uncle)
Royal Navy Commander James Bond, CMG, RNVR, is a fictional character created by British journalist and novelist Ian Fleming in 1953. He is the protagonist of the James Bond series of novels, films, comics and video games. Fleming wrote twelve Bond novels and two short story collections before his death, although the last two books—The Man with the Golden Gun and Octopussy and The Living Daylights—were published posthumously. The Bond character is a Secret Service agent, code number 007, residing in London but active internationally. Bond was a composite character who was based on a number of commandos whom Fleming knew during his service in the Naval Intelligence Division during World War II, to whom Fleming added his own style and a number of his own tastes; Bond's name was appropriated from American ornithologist James Bond. Bond has a number of character traits which run throughout the books, including an enjoyment of cars, a love of food and drink, and an average intake of sixty custom-made cigarettes a day. Since Fleming's death in 1964, there have been other authorised writers of Bond material, including John Gardner, who wrote fourteen novels and two novelizations and Raymond Benson, who wrote six novels, three novelizations and three short stories. There have also been three authors who wrote one book each, Kingsley Amis (writing as Robert Markham), Sebastian Faulks and Jeffrey Deaver. Additionally a series of novels based on Bond's youth—Young Bond—was written by Charlie Higson. As spin-offs from the literary works, there was a television adaptation of the first novel, Casino Royale, in which Bond was played as an American agent. A comic strip series also ran in the Daily Express newspaper. There have also been twenty-five Bond films; seven actors have played Bond in these films. The central figure in Ian Fleming's work was the fictional character of James Bond, an intelligence officer in the "Secret Service". Bond was also known by his code number, 007, and was a Royal Naval Reserve Commander. James Bond is the culmination of an important but much-maligned tradition in English literature. As a boy, Fleming devoured the Bulldog Drummond tales of Lieutenant Colonel Herman Cyril McNeile (aka "Sapper") and the Richard Hannay stories of John Buchan. His genius was to repackage these antiquated adventures to fit the fashion of post-war Britain ... In Bond, he created a Bulldog Drummond for the jet age. William Cook in the New Statesman

During World War II, Ian Fleming had mentioned to friends that he wanted to write a spy novel. It was not until 1952; however, shortly before his wedding to his pregnant girlfriend, Ann Charteris that Fleming began to write Casino Royale, to distract himself from his forthcoming nuptials. Fleming started writing on his first book, Casino Royale, at his Goldeneye estate in Jamaica on 17 February 1952, typing out 2,000 words in the morning, directly from his own experiences and imagination. He finished work on the script in just over a month, completing it on 18 March 1952. Describing the work as his "dreadful oafish opus", Fleming showed it to an ex-girlfriend, Clare Blanchard, who advised him not to publish it at all, but that if he did so, it should be under another name. Fleming went on to write a total of twelve Bond novels and two short story collections; he died on the morning of 12...
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