Jails and Prisons Response

Topics: Criminal justice, Prison, Crime Pages: 1 (421 words) Published: August 26, 2012
The four types of prisons are federal, state, municipal, and military. Federal prisons are operated and managed by the federal government. Federal prisons normally house inmates who have been convicted of a crime in violation of a federal law, as opposed to a state or local laws. An example of a federal prison now, is Ft. Leavenworth, KS. At one time, it used to be a prison used by the military, but has been turned over to the federal government to run. Municipal prisons are a high security prison. Military prisons are prisons operated by the military. Military prisons are used to house prisoners of war, enemy combatants, those whose freedom is deemed a national security risk by the military or national authority and member of the military found guilty of a serious crime. An example of a military prison is Guantanamo Bay Cuba, where a number of prisoners of war from Afghanistan are housed. A state prison is a facility operated by a state and used to house and rehabilitate criminals. There is both minimum and maximum security prisons which are divided based on the nature of the crime committed by inmates in the prisons. A total institution is an enclosed facility separated from society and physically where the inhabitants share all aspects of their daily lives. Total institutions are institution where all aspects of life are carried out under one roof. All activities are carried out in groups and are strictly scheduled. They are planned to suit certain goals, which is to develop a normal work ethic, mortification of self, and maintain authority. Some of these places include prisons, concentrated camps, mental hospital, seminaries, and other facilities in which individuals are cut off from society forcibly or willingly. Jails play an important role in the criminal justice system because they keep offenders that have committed a crime off of the streets. Jails also help our community to be safe by holding the inmates who are charged with crimes, and making...
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