February 18, 2014
Jails And Prisons
In the following paragraphs comparisons between the Rappahannock Regional Jail in Stafford County, Virginia and Federal Corrections Institution Petersburg Medium in Hopewell City, Virginia. The types of prisons will be identified. The major differences between the Rappahannock Regional Jail and FCI Petersburg Medium will be examined. Jail and prison culture and subculture as well as the violent behavior that can stem from it will be discussed. An explanation of why jails play an important role in the correctional system will be given. The role of community based programs associated with jails and prisons will be visited. Probation and parole and the roles they play will also be explored.
Rappahannock Regional Jail is located in Stafford County, Virginia. The jail is an adult corrections facility which serves the needs of Stafford County, Spotsylvania County, King George County, and the City of Fredericksburg ("About Rjj", n.d.). Offenders are brought to this location after their initial arrest. Offenders who are sentence by the courts to serve less than one year of jail time are also housed at this facility. The jail has a maximum inmate population of two thousand ("About Rjj", n.d.). It has a daily inmate county of over one thousand one hundred inmates ("About Rjj", n.d.). It also runs alternative to incarceration programs such as community based probation, pre-trial supervision, Drug Court, home electronic incarceration and work release programs ("About Rjj", n.d.). Roughly one thousand six hundred residents of counties in which the jail serves are supervised under the alternative to incarceration programs ("About Rjj", n.d.).
Originally, jails were only meant to hold suspects after arrest and pending trial (Schmallager, 2011). Today, the jails serve other important roles in the criminal justice system. In addition to still serving their original
References: About RJJ. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.rrj.state.va.us/rrjabout.html BOP: Federal Prisons. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.bop.gov/about/facilities/federal_prisons.jsp FCI Petersburg Medium. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.bop.gov/locations/institutions/pem/ Schmallager, F. (2011). Criminal justice today: An introductory text for the 21st century (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.