Jails and prisons
Jails and Prisons
The United States has an every growing criminal population. The two main ways to house criminals is jails, and state prisons. The San Diego Central Jail is the primary jail for San Diego county and houses more than 900 inmates on a daily bases. The Donovan Correctional Facility houses more than 3,666 inmates at one time because of an increase in its original population limit; however, that also shows the need for more prisons and housing facilities.
The Crime Museum stated “There are four main types of prisons; the four types of prisons are Juvenile, Minimum, Medium, and High Security, Psychiatric, and Military. Any person who is under the age of 18 is considered to be a juvenile. Anyone who is not of a legal age is never locked up in a general prison with adults. They are instead placed in a facility designed exclusively for juveniles. Minimum security prisons are usually reserved for white- collar criminals Medium security prisons are the standard facilities used to house most criminals. High security prisons are reserved for the most violent and dangerous offenders. These prisons include far more guards than either minimum or medium security. At the maximum security prisons inmates have very few personal freedoms or communication. Law-breakers who are deemed to be mentally unfit are sent to psychiatric prisons designed to be more like hospitals. Once there, the inmates, or patients, will receive psychiatric help for the mental disorders they display. Every branch of military has their own prison facilities specifically for military personnel who have broken laws that affect national security or to house prisoners of war” (Crime Museum, p. 1).
The Broward County Sheriff’s Department states “Jails are run by sheriffs and/or local governments and are designed to hold individuals awaiting trial or a serving short sentences not requiring long term incarceration” . Jails often operate several programs such as work
References: Broward County Sherrifs Department. (n.d.). Retrieved May 13, 2013, from http://www.sheriff.org/: http://www.sheriff.org/faqs/display Crime Museum. (n.d.). Retrieved May 13, 2013, from http://www.crimemuseum.org/: http://www.crimemuseum.org/library/imprisonment/typesPrisons.html Nieto, M. (1996, May). Community Correction Punishments: An Alternative To Incarceration for Nonviolent Offenders. California, United States: http://www.library.ca.gov