The Differences of Prisons and Jails
Instructor Martin McAuliffe
March 13, 2013
There are many differences between jails and prisons. They equally both house offenders but their day to day operations are very different. There are long histories about jails and prisons both and in this paper we will describe the differences of jails and prisons including how they operate and their functions.
Many people hear the words prison and or jail, and they believe that both are one in the same but in reality they are very much different. Jails are correctional facilities that house offenders before or after they are sentenced for their crimes committed. Those individuals that are confined in jails are: * Individuals pending arraignment and awaiting trial, conviction, or sentencing * Probation, parole, and bail bond violators and absconders (Seiter,2011 pg 71) There are many different other reasons jails house inmates. “Jails are full service facilities that offer security, food service, medical care, and offender programs and are therefore different from lockups, which are commonly located in police stations and hold people only for a short period of time, usually no more than forty-eight hours.”(Seitter, 2011) Sheriff’s and local governments oversee the day to day operation of jails and there are different jails such as the regional jail which were created because the basic operations of jails were becoming complicated for small counties and the need for funding to continue operations. There are about 3,600 jails in the United States. “The size of the jail population is a product of decisions made by various law enforcement entities that the jail serves, the courts, and
other segments of the criminal justice system. The size of the jail population is also affected by local, state, and federal laws; crime rates; and public attitudes about crime.”(nicic.gov) The length of stay and those admitted to jails are quite...
References: At Least 23 States Cut Funding for Prisons This Year, August 11, 2009 The Pew Charitable Trusts http://www.pewtrusts.org/our_work_report_detail.aspx?id=54481
Corrections: An Introduction; Richard P. Seiter 3rd edition 2011 Upper Saddle River New York
Jail Resource Issues What Every Funding Authority Need to Know, Gary M. Bowker February 2002 http://static.nicic.gov/Library/017372.pdf
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