Jail and Prison Paper
September 29, 2014
Jail and Prison Paper
The United States has approximately four types of penitentiaries. These correctional facilities are: Juvenile, federal prison, county jail and state prison. Generally, county jails are regarded as a facility that remands convicts for a moment before they are transferred to a penitentiary. In addition, county jails are used to detain convicts who have been imprisoned and have a prison term of less than two and a half years. This paper looks at the comparison between Middlesex House of Correction jail and a maximum security prison called Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center. The Middlesex House of Corrections was constructed more than eight decades ago in the town of Billerica. It only had 300 inmates but now it can hold up to 1000 convicts. Middlesex House of Correction is a county jail. Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center (SBCC) was constructed on 19th of November, 1996 and is located in a Shirley Correctional Complex in Shirley, Massachusetts. Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center is a maximum security prison.
Major differences between the Middlesex House of Corrections and the Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center
The two correctional facilities that I have chosen (Middlesex House of Correction and SBCC) have a number of differences. While Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center (SBCC) is a maximum security prison, Middlesex House of Correction is a county jail. Middlesex House of Correction incarcerates prisoners who are serving a sentence of less than two and a half years. Its main goal is effective rehabilitation which helps the inmates become more fruitful people when they are freed. Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center (SBCC) offers its inmates a full range of scholastic, occupational as well as substance abuse programming.
Jail and Prison culture and subculture
Jail and prison culture and subculture are contemporaneous. Prisons and jails are always congested. This leads to poor prisoner to prisoner relations and in turn promotes institutional practices that generate a demeaning environment (Haney, 2009). There is a lot of violence in the two facilities due to understaffing, which creates poor morale and increased turnover (Taylor, 2008). Both jails and prisons are meant to impact good morals to the convicts and make them more productive citizens upon their release.
Jails and their role in the Criminal Justice system
Jails perform a significant role in the criminal justice system because they isolate convicts from the rest of the public so as to enhance the safety of both the convicts and the public (Haney, 2009). The criminal justice system has an opportunity and time of figuring out who should be moved to a prison when inmates are in jails. They also play an important role in shaping the character and behavior of the inmates. An inmate in a jail can undergo some trainings and behavioral change while in there. The criminal justice system needs jails so as to avoid overcrowding the main prisons. This helps the system to keep pace with the arriving criminal populaces.
Community-based corrections programs
Community based correction programs play a vital role. These are programs that are overseen to deal with persons who have been sentenced either in jail or prisons, or are facing sentence. Parole and probation are commonly the way of community correction programs. Others include home confinement, community service, day fine programs among others. Jail and prison have an effect on an individual’s psychology and can cause negative toll on the inmate’s self-esteem which ultimately leads to insouciance in a normal life. These programs help in solving the problem of congestion in jails and prisons (Ezine, 2006). They as well yield positive results in terms of the offender eventually realizes his or her mistake and accepts it thus helping other offenders as well as...
References: Ezine. (2006). Community Based Corrections. Ezine Articles, 267-270.
Haney. (2009). Evolving Function: Early use of Imprisonment as punishment. The Prison Journal, 101-123.
Taylor. (2008). Soft Budget Constraints and the Property Rights . Economics Letter, Vol. 100, No, 3, 425-427.
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