Christine Karungi A, WGU , IWT Task 1
Relationship analysis of the Baroque and Romantic Art Movements. Baroque art movement started in the 17th century extending to early 18th century and led to the Rococo, Neoclassical and then to Romanticism art movement. The styles of Baroque period began in Rome, Italy and later spread to most parts of Europe. Romanticism movement began in Europe in the late 18th century and extended to mid-19th century leading to Realism art Period. The name Baroque is believed to have originated from the word “Baroco” that means irregular pearl though the art Period doesn’t translate to the PEARL, but the irregularity of the Baroque styles deviating from the preceding art periods (“Baroque,” 2014). The Baroque period was characterized by elaborate and extravagant use of ornaments, color and emotion. Religion was a significant component of this art period, and the methodology was advanced by the Catholic Church in response to counteract the reformation of Protestantism. Various disciplines like music, sculptures, and paintings incorporated religious zeal drawing themes from biblical stories (“Baroque Art,” 2014). The Baroque “irregularity” style was also manifested in music by relying on convoluted harmonies and spontaneous improvisation. Many of the music compositions from this period celebrated God and religion (“Movements in the Humanities: Baroque & Neoclassicism,” 2014). The name “Romanticism” to describe the art period does not directly translate to its root word “Romance” in association with “love” but instead meant the idealization/glorification of complex subjects. The Romanticism art movement augmented ordinary events into extraordinary. Romanticism movement is almost impossible to define concisely since it focused on the glorification of mystical convoluted subject matters like heroism, liberty, survival, despair and feelings that appeal to humanism but yet very subjective. This period focused on nature, emotional appeal and imagination versus the scientific systems, creativity and novelty versus classical/conventional rules and self-expression versus traditional religious concepts which ultimately led to Protestantism (“Movements in the Humanities: Romanticism, Realism, Modernism,” 2014). Music, sculptures and paintings from this century stressed emotion, passion and exotic settings with dramatic actions, focusing mainly on heroic and political matters. Artists used intense colors and loose brush strokes to exhibit mood and majestic expression, all geared to exude a load of emotion. There were similarities between the Baroque and Romantic art periods that cut across a wide array of disciplines including architecture and painting aesthetics. Both movements used arches in their architecture as seen in the Baroque “Hall of Mirror” and in the Romantic “Crystal Palace.” Artists from both movements used variation of light and shade to create emotion as seen in Romantic painting “Wanderer above the sea of fog” by Casper David Fredrick, 1818 (Friedrich, 1818) and to create volume in Baroque painting “The night Watch” by Rembrandt Van Rijin, 1642. Though both movements used color contrasts of light and shade as mentioned, the Baroque artists utilized this style more whereas the Romantics utilized intense colors and loose brush strokes more (“Romanticism,” 2014). There was also a feeling of movement and energy displayed in paintings from the Baroque “Rape of the Sabine Women” (“Nicolas Poussin | The Rape of the Sabine Women (1637-1638) | Artsy,” n.d.) and the Romantic "Raft of the Medusa” (“Théodore Géricault | The Raft of the Medusa (1818-1819) | Artsy,” n.d.) Themes of the two paintings mentioned above were dramatic and dream-like, both expressing subjects of despair drawn from the concept of social aspects that were present in both the Baroque and the Romantic art movements. The Baroque and Romantic art periods were also explicitly different on many levels. The Baroque era reigned during...
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