Italy and North Korea Political Science Paper

Topics: North Korea, South Korea, Korean War Pages: 7 (2589 words) Published: December 10, 2013

Italy & North Korea
The European country of Italy and the Asian country of North Korea are utterly different in terms of their history, government, and economy. Italy’s government is the form of a republic, a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic to be exact, and North Korea’s political thesis is that of Juche, their version of a unitary single-party state system. Given these different political organizations, the way their systems and legislatures are organized and set up are evidently dissimilar. Italy is set up to have a bicameral legislature with a parliamentary system while North Korea established a unicameral parliament in which they call the Supreme People’s Assembly. North Korea and Italy both have a median landmass with a median population compared to the rest of the world, although the population in Italy is almost 3 times that of North Korea. Italy’s economy is far surpassed North Korea’s in several ways. Not only does North Korea operate a highly centralized command economy, but they also have an isolation policy in place that places severe restrictions on international trade. Italy operates as a free market economy and has the eighth largest economy in the world and fourth largest in Europe to show for it. The militaries are structured differently in each country, as well. According to the U.S. Department of State, North Korea has the largest total military in the world while Italy came in at the 27th spot under the same conditions. Immigrants, both legal and illegal, concur big problems in both countries. Italy's lengthy coast and highly developed economy attracts hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants from southeastern Europe and northern Africa. North Korea, on the other hand, has its citizens trying to escape, rather than a flood of immigrants trying to enter. Tens of thousands of North Koreans attempt to cross the border into China in efforts to be free from the famine, economic misery, and political tyranny. There are several other factors that have impacted the development and lack of development in these two nation states.

The history of Italy is a fascinating adventure as it starts during the Roman Kingdom ages around 753 B.C. when Rome, Italy was founded. Approximately 509 B.C. the monarchy is overthrown and Rome becomes a republic. Historic figure Julius Caesar is the dictator during 46 to 44 B.C. The Italian Renaissance began in Tuscany in 1301 while peaking in the late 15th century as foreign invasions plunged the region into turmoil. Following the Renaissance were the Italian Wars that ranged from 1494 to 1559 was foreign domination by Spain (1559-1713) and Austria (1713-1796). When Napoleon ruled France, Italy became a client state of the French Republic (1796-1814), but luckily Italy unified in 1815 when the Napoleon rule ended. In 1861, King Victor Emmanuel II united the states of the Italian Peninsula and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies into one nation-state. In 1915, Italy entered into WWI when it declared war on Austria-Hungary. Although Italy was sided with Germany at the time, Italy joined forces with the members of the Triple Entente. The victory helped to cease the existence of the German, Russian, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman empires. In 1922, Prime Minister and dictator Benito Mussolini took over and created a Fascist government that led to an alliance with Germany and Japan. Mussolini was among the founders of Italian fascism, which included elements of autonomy, corporatism, national syndicalism, imperialism, social progress and anti-communism in combination with censorship of subversives and state propaganda. Similarly to WWI, Italy remained neutral at the start of the Second World War in 1939, but following suit again it entered into WWII in 1940. Because of his decision to enter the war for the wrong reasons, Mussolini was thrown out of rule in 1943 as Pietro Badoglio and King Victor Emmanuel III took over the new government. In 1946, Italy again became a...

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