Table Of Contents
I. Abstract II. Brief overview of Disaster Management a. Key concepts b. Disaster Management Cycle III. IT solutions for Disaster Management c. Disaster Management Information Systems (DMIS) d. IT for Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation i. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) e. IT for Response ii. Case Study : Sahana f. IT for Recovery iii. Specific softwares IV. Challenges of the future g. Global Disaster Information Network V. Conclusion VI. References
The aim of this paper is to shed light on the role of Information Technology in Disaster Management (DM) and to discuss how far IT solutions can offer aid to fasten recovery and reduce human and economic loss. Annual global disaster costs are rising since the last decades due to higher urbanization in sensitive areas and an increasing complexity of our infrastructure. As clearly, no society is immune from natural disaster threat, it is imperative to take advantage of the huge technological innovation in terms of communication to create a Global Disaster Information Network to make information about disasters as user-friendly, available, reliable and accurate as possible for the disaser management community. In this paper will be discussed the most common information systems and softwares used to increase the efficiency of every phase in DM aswell as the research and findings of the Disaster Information Task Force about the feasability of establishing a Global Disaster Information Network.
II. Brief overview of Disaster Management
Also referred to as emergency management, disaster management consists of ‘’The actions taken by an
References: *ClarkLabs, (n.d.), Geospatial software for monitoring and modeling the Earth System. Retrieved from http://clarklabs.org *Desinventar, (1996-2012), Inventory System of the effects of disasters *DITF (Disaster Information Task Force), (November 1997), Retrieved from Harnessing Technology for Disaster Management. *ESRI, (n.d.), Official Website http://www.esri.com/software/arcgis/arcview *Moon Chandra Deka, (April 2009), Recent Trends in Disaster Management *Dennis Pringle, (n.d.), Aspects Of Geographical Information Science. Retrieved from http://www.nuim.ie/staff/dpringle/gis/main.shtml *Qfinance, (2009), Qfinance – The Ultimate Resource *USGS , (February 2007), Geographic Information Systems. Retrieved from http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/gis_poster/ *USGS, (February 2007), What is ArcView