It's a Child, Not a Choice

Topics: Abortion, Roe v. Wade, Pregnancy Pages: 4 (1293 words) Published: June 25, 2013
It’s a Child, Not a Choice

Since the case of Roe vs. Wade in 1973, abortion has been one of the most contentious and controversial issue in the polls. On the one hand, the pro-choice perspective believes that a woman should have the right to choose what is right for her and her situation, on the other hand the pro-life perspective feels that all children should have the right to live. The legality of abortion is hotly debated in society today.

Early in a pregnancy, the fertilized egg that grows and develops is called an embryo. After three months, it is usually called a fetus. An abortion causes the fetus or embryo to die. In a spontaneous abortion, also known as a miscarriage, the fetus passes from the woman’s body because of natural causes. The causes of miscarriages are mainly because of an abnormality in the embryo or a disorder in the woman. In an induced abortion, the fetus is purposely removed from the woman’s body. There are many ways a woman can have this procedure done, depending on the progress of the pregnancy. During the first three months of pregnancy, the most common method is called suction curettage, also known as vacuum aspiration. It involves removing the fetus by suction. Then, the woman’s uterus is then scraped with surgical instruments called curettes. Later on in the pregnancy, physicians use a method called dilation and evacuation where doctors take apart the baby in the uterus and remove the pieces. Another way involves adding a salt solution to the amniotic fluid, the liquid that surrounds the fetus. The baby then dies and passes from the woman’s body. Woman may also choose to have hormone like drugs called prostaglandins injected into the amniotic fluid. The drugs cause muscle contractions that expel the fetus.

Abortion has been widely known, practiced, and debated since ancient times. Even the ancient Hebrews had laws against abortion; however, they permitted it in cases where the mother’s life was at risk....
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