1. Leadership- plays a vital role in the education community because the structure of schools works from the top down. a. Administrators take care of the technical aspects of keeping a school functioning, and supervise teachers to insure standards are being met. b. Teachers are responsible for implementing classroom instruction to help students gather the information they need to be successful in life. In most cases this instruction is focused on specific topics in which the teacher is the expert. c. “Invitational Leadership” by John Novak
1. “School leaders are like long distance runners. Neither wants to run out of steam, head in the wrong direction or face obstacles they cannot handle.” (44) 2. Invitational leadership seeks to invite all people to bring forth their own strengths and abilities to reach their highest potential. 3. Invitational leadership relies on: (45 &46)
* Foundations- made up of democratic ethos, self-concept theory, perceptual tradition, and the goal of educational living. * Assumptions- must include respect, trust, care, optimism, and intentionality. 4. The 6 C’s- Leaders are to keep these in mind when trying to facilitate invitational leadership and seek change. (54) 1. Concern- It is important to recognize the difference between a preference and a concern. A preference is something you would like to see happen. A concern is focused on a specific element that needs to be changed. 2. Confer- It is important for the individual to discuss the concern with fellow colleagues. The concern should be defined clearly, and possible solutions should be discussed during these conversations. 3. Consult- This is a more formal approach where the problem solving process takes place. Documentation of the concern and possible solutions also begins in this stage. 4. Confront- To confront a specific concern it is important for the leader to address the issue directly and in a no nonsense manner. 5. Combat- Leaders need to understand there is a time to fight, but this does not mean every time there is a dispute or disagreement with a concern. 6. Conciliate- If an agreement cannot be reached it is important to allow combatants time to cool off, give the combatants some space, but do not leave the situation unresolved. Sources:
“The Essentials of School Leadership” Edited by Brent Davies, 2005 “Invitational Leadership” By John Novak, 2005
a. In terms of technological understanding Americans have fallen behind other countries throughout the world. b. This technological delay is the result of little use of specific technology for young students. c. The way technology in the classroom is used also contributes to the poor performance of American students. (International Technology Education Association) 1. Classrooms tend to focus on tying technology into the subject rather than teaching students how to use it. 2. Many schools believe that by offering computer classes they have already gone far enough to incorporate technology into their students learning. d. Technology in the classroom has three distinct forms. (77) 1. A theme in other disciplines, especially science.
2. Formal technology education classes
3. Technician-preparation, vocational, and school-to-career programs, which approach technological understanding and skills as means to employment. e. Recommendations:
1. Technology plays an important part in American society and its relationship to students is important to success in today’s advanced world. 2. Committee on Technological Literacy
1. Formal and Informal Education
3. Decision Making
4. Educational Innovation
Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology (2002) 3. Extra Curricular Activities
a. Should be accessible to all students for participation to help improve the student’s physical well-being and/or exploration of a subject outside the scope of the school...
Links: b. Teacher collaboration is a frequent approach to improving instruction in 35 chronically low-performing schools that achieved dramatic turnarounds (McClure, 2008).
Leonard, L. & Leonard, P. (2003, September 17). The continuing trouble with collaboration: Teachers talk. Current Issues in Education [On-line], 6(15).
a. Preschool education increases children’s chances of success at school, college and university level (Shergill, 2006).
e. Specifically, benefits of Early Childhood Education programs can be found in the following areas ("Benefits of early," 2010):
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