Isaac Newton made a multitude of discoveries that are still relevant in today’s academia. Many people have referred to him as one of the most important scientist that has ever lived. He is mostly known by his Theory of Universal Gravity and laws of motion, Newton’s laws, but he also influenced the areas of math and optics. Newton had a passion for alchemy and astrology. Today Newton’s laws of motion and gravity theory are still taught in schools as one of the most fundamental parts of physical science. Newton’s discoveries made an impact on academics and how the physical world was viewed. Isaac Newton was born in 1642 in Lincolnshire, England. He attended trinity College at Cambridge University from 1661 to 1665 where for the majority of the time studied logic, ethics, physics, and rhetoric of Aristotle. (The Life and Work of Isaac Newton2012 ) between 1664 and 1667 Newton, influenced by the work of Galileo, Descartes, and Kepler, invented calculus, worked with spectrums, and made the discoveries that led to the law of universal gravitation. In 1667 he was elected a fellow of Trinity College. He became Lucasian professor in 1669 and was elected into the Royal Society in 1672. It is very well known that Isaac Newton first received the idea of universal gravity when he witnessed an apple falling in his family orchard. He compared the force needed to hold the moon in earth’s orbit to the force he calculated that pulled the apple to the ground. To describe centripetal force Newton compared the force needed to hold a stone in a sling compared to the length of the sling with a planets orbit. (Alfred Rupert Hall 1998) The Theory of Universal Gravity states that “every body attracts every other with a force directly proportional to the square of the distance between them” (Storr 1985).Newton published his findings on the laws of motion in his first book Principia in 1687. In the book he describes acceleration, deceleration, and inertia,...
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