Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Powerful Essays
Topics: Israel
The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Jews is a modern phenomenon, which began around the turn of the 20th century. Although these two groups have different religions (Palestinians include Muslims, Christians and Druze), religious differences are not the cause of the conflict. It is essentially a struggle over land. Until 1948, the area that both groups claimed was known internationally as Palestine. But following the war of 1948-49, this land was divided into three parts: the state of Israel, the West Bank (of the Jordan River) and the Gaza Strip (1).
Jewish claims to this land are based on the biblical promise to Abraham and his descendants, on the fact that this was the historical site of the Jewish kingdom of Israel (which was destroyed by the Roman Empire), and on Jews' need for a haven from European anti-Semitism (2). Palestinian Arabs' claims to the land are based on continuous residence in the country for hundreds of years and the fact that they represented the demographic majority (3). Arabs do not believe that they should forfeit their land to compensate Jews for Europe's crimes against them.
In the 19th century, following a trend that began earlier in Europe, people around the world began to identify themselves as nations and to demand national rights, foremost the right to self-rule in a state of their own (self-determination and sovereignty). Jews and Palestinians both began to develop a national consciousness, and mobilized to achieve national goals. Because Jews were spread across the world (in diaspora), their national movement, Zionism, entailed the identification of a place where Jews could come together through the process of immigration and settlement (4). Palestine seemed the logical and optimal place, since this was the site of Jewish origin. The Zionist movement began in 1882 with the first wave of European Jewish immigration to Palestine.
Until the beginning of the 20th century, most Jews living in Palestine were concentrated in



Cited: 2. Kegley, Charles W. and Eugene R. Wittkopf. World Politics: Trend and Transformation. 5th ed. New York: St.Martin 's Press, pp.193, 1998. 3. Almond, Gabriel A. and Bingham G. Powell, Jr. Comparative Politics Today. 5th ed. Harper Collins Publishers, 1992. 12. MidEast Web Historical Documents. "U.N. Security Council Resolution 242, November 22, 1967" 1999 13. Yale Law School. "Camp David Accords, September 17, 1978" March 28, 2001. to Recognize Palestinians" Dec. 1997, Pages 81-83. < http://www.washington-report.org/backissues/1297/9712081.html>. 16. MidEast Web Historical Documents. " The Israeli Camp David II Proposals for Final Settlement July, 2000" 1999

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    ‘‘A non-violent solution to the Palestinian- Israeli conflict is the ideal type of solution because it is the only kind of solution that respects the basic human rights of both Palestinians and Israelis. ’’ One piece of land….that can cause so many problems! Killing, Hatred, Chaos, Fires. The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians is an ongoing conflict for decades. Both sides claim the same land, they simply call by different names. Each side feels that God, gave them the…

    • 1556 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

    • 2633 Words
    • 11 Pages

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is amongst the longest and most suffering in history. This is not a one sided issue, it is a conflict that stems from both sides. It has made refugees of a large number of Palestinians, which is also one of the key issues in achieving a lasting peace between Palestinians and the state of Israel. In order to discuss the current Israeli-Palestinian crisis it is important to first understand how this problem arose. The main focus of the problem is found in both sides…

    • 2633 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Conflicts between Israeli and Palestinians consist of the occupation and status of Jerusalem, water rights being violated, refugees, borders, security wall and settlements. In an attempt to solve these problems in 1947 the United Nations intervened and set up a partition plan. Under this plan the United Nations gave away 55% of Palestine to a Jewish state despite the fact that the Jewish population only represented 30% of Palestine and owned fewer than 7% of…

    • 2574 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    sensitive conflict in the world is the Palestinian-Israeli conflict that has created so much hate and bloodshed. The conflict revolves around land that was promised to both the Muslims and Jews as well as sacred Christian holy sites that are in the middle of the conflict. As of 2011, Israel is considered a country while Palestine is not considered a country but they have the west bank and gaza strip territories that are occupied by Israel (Malone). The Palestinians demand Statehood but the Israeli government…

    • 1082 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Palestinian-Israeli Conflict The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is an ongoing dispute between the State of Israel and the Palestinians and is part of the wider Arab–Israeli conflict. At present, major polls show the vast majority of Israelis and Palestinians agree a two-state solution is the best way to end the conflict. Most Palestinians view the West Bank and Gaza Strip as their future state, and most Israelis agree. The negotiating parties have been the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation…

    • 2061 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    2013 Two States For Two Nationalities In the news recently, you may have heard about the “Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.” What is the big deal about it? Why is it so important? The big issue is that in 1967, Israel claimed land after winning the Six Day War which the Palestinians now want back. This land, the Gaza Strip and West Bank, is considered contested territory, and both the Israelis and Palestinians are settling in it. A multitude of solutions to this conundrum have been proposed: the one-state…

    • 1242 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Israeli and Palestinian conflict is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that had begun in the mid 20th century. The term is also used in reference to the earlier conflict in Mandatory Palestine, between the Zionist Yishuv and the Arab population under British rule. Along the Eastern shore is the Mediterranean Sea which is at the center of a conflict between Arabs and Jews. Both of the groups claim territorial rights over the small piece of land. The land is approximately 10…

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    many years, conflict has resided between Israelis and Palestinians for many crucial reasons. The conflict began when the Jewish people fled from Europe and came to the land of the Palestinians. The Islamic people that inhabited Palestine did not welcome the Jews and soon a conflict was ignited. The conflict was worsened when Jewish people took the land from the Muslims and created Israel. The arguments between these two rivals have continued to grow. In the Israel-Palestine conflict, their different…

    • 589 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Everybody knows the conflict between Palestine and Israel, it is a conflict that has been going on for over a hundred years. The conflict, in fact, is so old and known that you can find it in any history books, and it is taught in any history class. The conflict begins in the early 1800’s, Jews were being persecuted in Europe. Originally the Jews owned the Holy land, Jerusalem, but were kicked out. From 1920 to 1947, the British declared the “Promised land” to the Jews as a payback for all the persecution…

    • 427 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Nicklen International Studies- 02 November 7, 2011 Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Solution? The conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians is one that has been going on for thousands of years. In recent years it has become a global issue because of the two countries’ inability to cooperate with each other without the use of violent actions. With the help of the international community, two solutions to this conflict have been proposed: the one state solution and the two state…

    • 2351 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Best Essays