Islamic Law

Powerful Essays
Islamic Law
Teaching Material

Developed By:
Abdulmalik Abubaker (LL.B, MA)

Sponsored by the Justice and Legal System Research Institute

2009

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTORY REMARK………………………………………………………………..1

CHAPTER I: The Historical Development of Islamic Law……………………………..........2
Objective………………………………………………………………………………………….2Introduction…...………………………………………………………………………………….2
1.1. The Pre-Islamic Period…………………………………………………………………...2
1.2. The Period of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH)………………………………………...3
1.3. The Period of the Caliphs (Khalifs)……………………………………………………..4
1.3.1. Abu baker…………………………………………………………………………4
1.3.2. Ummer…………………………………………………………………………….5
1.3.3. Uthman……………………………………………………………………………6
1.3.4. Ali…………………………………………………………………………………6
1.4 The Period of the Ummayads……………………………………………………………..7
1.5 The Period of the Abbasid………………………………………………………………...7
Review Questions………...………………………………………………………………………8

CHAPTER II: Sources of Islamic Law…………………………………………………………9
Objectives…………………………………………………………………………………………9
Introduction…………...………………………………………………………………………….9
2.1. Quran- The first Primary Source…………………………………………………………….10
2.2. Sunna (Hadith) the Second Primary Source………………………………………………...11
2.3. Ijma (Consensus)……………………………………………………………………………12
2.4. Qiyas (Judicial Reasoning)…………………………………………………………………..13
Review Questions……………...………………………………………………………………..14

CHAPTER III: Different Schools and Islam in Ethiopia…………………...……………….15
Objectives………………………………………………………………………………………..15
Introduction……………………………………..………………………………………………15
3.1. School of Imam Hanbli………………………………………………………………………16
3.2. School of Imam Maliki……………………………………………………………………...17
3.3. School of Imam Ash Shafi…………………………………………………………………..17
3.4. Ethiopia, the First Country to Receive Muslim Migrants……………………………………18
3.5. Contents of the Proclamation No. 12/1942………………………………………………….19
3.6. Proclamation Issued to

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