ISLAMIC INFLUENCE IN SPAIN
ART HISTORY ACROSS CULTURES
18th NOVEMBER 2011
BY MESHAL ALHUSAINAN
This essay will discuss certain aspects of Islamic influence in Spain and about Islamic art in general, and also the rule the Arabs had in Spain from 711 to 1492.
This essay will also discuss how Spain still has Islamic features in buildings and some architectural designs and building. In the year 711 Berber leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad landed at Gibraltar and by the end of the campaign most of the Iberian Peninsula was brought under Islamic rule. The Iberian Peninsula was the Spain and Portugal, Islamic rule was till the year 1492, however the artistic influence still remains. Islam has influenced many parts of Spain especially Al-Andalusia.
Islamic art consists of many aspects. Islamic art includes mostly geometric elements and factors in to the art. In Islamic architecture especially the designs of the walls and certain ceramics and pillars have beautiful geometric designs and precision and accuracy.
Islamic art also consists of Calligraphy and Carpets and ceramics and tile work, however in Spain most of the art that you can see these days are the architectural structures and the designs inside monuments and buildings they are till this day standing, some have been destroyed and even some rebuilt, the ones that were destroyed were after the Arab rule after the year 1492.
Calligraphic design is omnipresent in Islamic art, where, as in Europe in the Middle Ages, religious exhortations, including Qur'anic verses, may be included in secular objects, especially coins, tiles and metalwork, and most painted miniatures include some script, as do many buildings which you can visit in Spain till this day. Most of the Calligraphy writing that has been done is for writing the Quran; however some might make a tile for a building or even a minbar, or a gift for someone by writing a verse of the Quran in tile form as a present. Buildings and mosques are usually decorated with carved calligraphy on tiles on the walls of the mosque, this still exists in modern Spain in some of the building in Al-Andalusia, and The Turkish people were heavily influenced by Islamic calligraphy, and many people at the time who had the privileged to be able to own and learn the art of Islamic calligraphy in Turkey used calligraphy in art to write down the Quran or verses of the Quran, or poems, which later on were offered to their father or the leader at the time, it was considered a very thoughtful and a high form of respected gift.
Many Cities and places in Spain still keep the name that was given during the Arab rule. For example Córdoba and Al-Andalusia and Al-Zahra, these places still have Islamic influential art, in the city of Córdoba Great Mosque still survives with its periodic arched landscapes, became the center of a sophisticated, luxuriously rich Hispano-Islamic civilization By the time of its apogee in the 10th century, Córdoba was famous for its academically advanced culture, its learned centers and its libraries, far outstripping the still-undeveloped Christian north. In the late 11th century, Córdoba was united into the Kingdom of Seville, where it remained, continuing to thrive as an intellectual canter, until reconquered by the Christians in 1236.
In Córdoba they have “The Great Mosque of Córdoba” , the mosque is a beautiful mosque. The mosque has phenomenal architectural aspects the pillars, and the carvings on the walls and the calligraphy carved into the walls. The building all itself is an amazing piece of art. The mosque has been turned into a cathedral, however it is known by the locals as “Mezquita-Catedral (Mosque–Cathedral), is today a World Heritage Site and the cathedral of the Diocese of Córdoba. It is located in the Andalusian city of Córdoba, Spain.” This building has a great history. The building was originally a pagan temple, then...
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