Islam- a Diverse Religion in a Diverse World

Topics: Islam, Religion, Muhammad Pages: 8 (2632 words) Published: July 9, 2013
Islam- A Diverse Religion in A Diverse World
Mary Zink
DeVry University

On September 11th 2001 at 8:45 am an American Airlines Jet Flight 11, hit the north tower of the World Trade Center; several minutes later at 9:06 United Airlines flight 175 hit the south tower of the World Trade Center. Most of the citizens of the United States watched their televisions in horror as this terrible tragedy unfolded. This single terrorist attack on U.S. soil brought to the attention of the average American citizen, the capability of the extreme Islamic sect of the Muslim religion, to mastermind and carry out a massive destructive attack. This ill view of the Islamic faith remains years after 9/11. A more comprehensive knowledge of their faith and its good attributes will help in our perceptions and how we treat members of this religious order. There are certain sects of the Islamic faith that are terrorists; this has been proven in more than one instance. For example the recent bombing during the Boston marathon, the suspect Tamerian Tsarnaev according to the FBI state, “he was a follower of radical Islam”. (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2013) These are the radicals of the faith. There are many more Muslims that are good people who have no intention of hurting anyone. There has been a backlash against Muslims for several years in many countries including the United States. This has made it very difficult for people of the Muslim faith to carry on regular day-to-day interactions and dealings with people that are not of their faith. We will explore the Muslim population in the United States, Great Britain, Pakistan, the Middle East, India and other Asian countries. We will examine the number of Muslims in these countries, how Islam is perceived in these countries and how the Muslim population interacts with people of Jewish and Christian faiths. According to Malloy, Islam whose followers are known as Muslim, is a monotheistic faith. They believe in God/Allah, that Muhammad is their prophet and the Qur’an is the written record of revelation to mankind. The Qur'an uses the term People of the Book to include all monotheists, including Jews, Christians and Muslims. According to Islam, all nations were given a Messenger and guidance from Allah. Islam teaches that Judaism worships one god but the idea that any one people being the chosen people is considered racist. Islam teaches that Christianity also worships one god but rejects the notion of the trinity as polytheistic. There are 4 major sects within the Islamic faith. The first sect is named Shi’a. The Second Sect is named Sunni. The third group is called Sufis. The fourth major sect is the Ahmaddiya. (Malloy, 2010)

In the United States the three main practiced religions are Christianity, Judaism and Islam. There have been interfaith initiatives to find harmony among these three faiths. One thing that has been observed is that Muslim Imams have been included in many more public and governmental ceremonies in recent years. The Distribution of the Muslim Population in the World

It is thought, by the general population in the United States, that the majority of the Muslim world population is located in the Middle East. The fact is, that of the target areas this paper is exploring, only four countries fall into the top ten populations of Muslims. The nations with the largest percentage of Muslims are Somalia in Africa 99.8%, Afghanistan in the Middle East 99.7%, Tunisia in Africa 99.5%, Western Sahara in Africa 99.4%, Mauritania in Africa 99.1%, Yemen in the Middle East 99.1%, Morocco in Africa 98.9%, Iran in the Middle East 98.6%, Maldives in Asia 98.4% and Comoros in Africa 98.3%. (Most Muslim Nations (2005), 2013) As you can see, six of the top ten Muslim nations as a percentage of population are in Asia. These demographics are quite different than what most Americans perceive.

Islam is perceived differently in different cultures
United States
The United States has...

References: Bell, M.P. (2007) Religion. In J.W. Calhoun (Ed.) Diversity in Organizations (p. 292)
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CIA World Factbook, (2013). Religion Statistics- Islam.
http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/rel_isl_pop-religion-islam-population
Federal Bureau of Investigation, (2013). National Press Releases.
http://www.fbi.gov/news/updates-on-investigation-into-mutiple-
explosions-in-boston
First Federal Congress, (1791)
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html
Initiatives of Change, (2013)
Islamic Culture in Europe, (2013). http://www.eu-islam.com/islam-in-great-britain/
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Most Muslim Nations (2005)
Newby,D.G. (1996). Muslim, Jews and Christians-Relations and Interactions. In D.G.
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