Islam and Islamic Golden Age

Topics: Islam, Africa, West Africa Pages: 3 (876 words) Published: May 17, 2012
The emergence of Islam in South Asia, West Africa, and Europe between 1000 and 1750 CE changed the way these regions developed. It affected them culturally, economically, and politically and many different ways. During this time period, Europe changed in their forms of architecture, trading, and rulers into more Islamic ways. They also saw many new inventions. However they never changed the way they practiced Catholicism. In West Africa, they improved trade and made new trading centers but stayed true to their original cultures although they blended it with Islamic cultures. In South Asia, they attempted to create a single religion for everyone, improved trade, and used new types of currency. But, they did not change the way that Islam was spread through the region throughout this time period. In the period 1000 to 1750 CE, Europe changed economically, politically, and culturally due to the introduction of Islam. However, many things stayed the same. During this time period, the Moors, who were composed of Africans, Arab, and Iberian Muslims, conquered and ruled Spain. They created the great mosque of Cordoba in Spain which was an architectural wonder. There was also the Islamic Golden Age which brought many new inventions to Europe which included the decimal system, advances in astronomy, advances in medicine, and algebra. Politically, the Islamic control of Spain slowly faded away during the Reconquista where the Northern Catholic Kingdoms of Spain defeated the southern Muslim states. Also, in 1453, the Ottomans conquered Constantinople. Islam economically changed Europe in trading. They now traded things such as gunpowder, textiles, and Persian rugs. Continuity in Europe in this time period was the constant spread of Islam. The last member of the Umayyad family, Abd al-Rahman, fled to Spain and established the dynasty in Spain which spread Islam. During the 1350s, the Ottomans continued their conquest to the Balkan region which also contributed to spreading...
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