Islam and Hinduism

Topics: God, Islam, Hinduism Pages: 5 (780 words) Published: August 25, 2014
Comparison and contrast between two major religions

Religion is defined as set of beliefs related to worshipping of God or gods. It is also related to cause, nature and purpose of universe. It may also be defined as set of beliefs, values, and practices based on the teachings of a spiritual leader. There may be one or more spiritual leader according to different religions. Among all religions Christianity is 31.5% of entire population, Islam 23.2% and Hinduism 15%. For comparison and contrast, Islam and Hinduism has been selected. Both religion have many dissimilarities with respect to idol worshipping, history and many other aspects as well. If we compare similarities of Islam with Hinduism or Christianity than Christianity will be closer to Islam as compared to that of Hinduism. It is because of this difference that led to separation of Sub Indo Continent into Pakistan and India as it was difficult for them to live together where one religion used to sacrifice and eat COW (ISLAM) and other consider it a sacred animal (HINDUISM).Although Hinduism is more ancient religion than Islam but it is Islam which spreading in more ratio and it is Islam who unrevealed many hidden secrets of science many hundred years ago. There are various factors of comparison and contrast among Islam and Hinduism. A few is discussed below Among all, major difference between these two religions are the concept of God. Islam is based on Monotheism (Belief in the existence of one God) whereas Hinduism is based on Polytheism (Belief in multiple supernatural beings). They believe that there are different gods with having different responsibilities, gods that Hindus worship are Brahma, Vishnu, Maheshwor, Ganesh, Laxmi, Saraswati, and Durga and Hindus believes that they are responsible for creator, preserver, destroyer, first god, goddess of wealth, goddess of knowledge and goddess of victory respectively so by offering prayers to each they believe that they will gain success in that area. On the other hand Muslims worship only Allah who they believe is the only creator of everything in the universe. Similarly Hindus have various religious books which are being written in different time frames. Books like Vedas, Mahabharat, Ramayan, Bhagwad Gita, and Puranas whereas Muslims have four religious books Tawrat, Zabour , Injil and Quran. Among them Quran is the only holy book that was sent towards the last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and which Muslims follows and it is the only book that is in original form.

Hinduism has a religious caste system and there are total of four major casts Brahmans, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudras. Each member of these casts have some laws to follows. Laws like it is forbidden to eat with other caste members. On the other hand Islam teaches that all humans are created equal and there is no superiority of an Arab over non- Arab or black person over white and vice versa. Only thing which distinguish them is and can get favor of Allah is virtue and piety.

Islam believes in Day of Judgment. They believe that each person has body and soul. When a person died than its soul is taken away from him/her and according to how he/she spend his life on earth will decide his/her life after day of judgment. People will be granted heaven or hell according to their deeds in this world. In other words Muslims believes that life in this world is like exams and whoever perform good deeds will get good marks and his/her marks will decide either they granted heaven or hell. On the other hand Hindus beliefs in Reincarnation. According to which they believes in body and soul. They believe that after death soul returns to world in form of some other body and this cyclic process is repeated seven times.

Hinduism and Islam has many similarities and differences and the major difference that separates them is the concept of GOD. They believes in different gods whereas Islam believes in only one GOD. In Hinduism it is not allowed to...
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