Is the Problem of Teen Pregnancy Exaggerated?

Topics: Teenage pregnancy, Critical thinking, Pregnancy Pages: 9 (2411 words) Published: November 11, 2008
Source 1 Title and Citation:
The Problem of Teen Pregnancy Is Exaggerated." Opposing Viewpoints Digests: Teen Pregnancy. Ed. Jennifer A. Hurley. SanDiego:GreenhavenPress,2000.OpposingViewpointsResourceCenter.Gale.ApolloLibrary.27July2008 .

Identify the principal issue presented by the source.The main issue presented is that teenage pregnancy is not the growing problem it is portrayed to be.

Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.The author suggests that”…the truth of the matter is that teen pregnancy was never a drastic problem to begin with-and was certainly never the “epidemic” the media portrayed it to be.”

Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this.The article is very clear and indicates the main idea by using many types of written materials to support its argument.

Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning.The source seems somewhat credible with many written works cited to support the main idea of the article. This source seems to be credible because it states facts .

Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.There is an example of rhetorical explanation ” To face the issue of teen pregnancy head-on, politicians would have to assume the unpopular stance of protecting rather than punishing.” There is an example of a downplayer” However, instead of approaching the problem of teenage pregnancy with honesty and compassion, politicians prefer to use the issue as a political tool.” There is also an example of stereotyping in the article” … out-of-wedlock mothers…scamming the welfare system or as promiscuous “baby machines.”

Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.There is an example of the argument from pity fallacy ” Pregnant teens are an easy target: they are young, impoverished, and largely disenfranchised segment of the U.S. public.” There is an example of the scapegoat fallacy “ [out-of-wedlock births by teens was] the smoking gun in a sickening array of pathologies-crime, drug abuse, physical and mental illness, and welfare dependency.”

State one argument made by the author.Due to both the declining rate of teen pregnancy and the numbers of teens who are pregnant, teen pregnancy is not a major issue today as it was in the past.

Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument.Premise 1: Teen pregnancy rates were lower in the 70’s, 80’s, and 90’s. Premise 2: In more recent years teen pregnancy was no an epidemic. Unstated premise: The 50’s spawned more pregnant teens than the proceeding years. Conclusion: The teen pregnancy rate is steadily decreasing and not a major issue as it was in the preceding years “ There was never an ‘epidemic’ of teen pregnancy. The word, epidemic, suggests something that is rapidly increasing. In fact, the teen pregnancy rate was much lower in the 1970’s, 1980’s and 1990’s, than it was in the 1950’s. In fact a smaller percentage of teens are becoming pregnant today than in the past.”

Is the author’s argument valid or invalid, sound or unsound, strong or weak? Explain how you determined this.The author’s argument is invalid, unsound, and weak because the premises are not proven to be true. There is no evidence supporting the premises.

Does the author use moral reasoning? If not, explain how you determined this.The author does use moral reasoning.” Society should help prevent teenagers from becoming pregnant before they are ready, but it should not demonize those teens who do have children. If society truly wants to help teen mother raise their children...
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