Is Ireland a racist country
Share and Lawlor (2009), define racism as a term used by sociologists to denote a belief that one racial category is superior or inferior to another racial category. A racist according to Giddens (2009) is someone who believes that some individuals are superior or inferior to others on the basis of radicalized differences.
By mid 1800’s ‘race’ as an idea had achieved broad popularity among scientists, and the general public in the western world accepted the premise too, and acted as it were so, it became common to speak of the English race, the French race etc. A strong connection developed between the developing ideas of ‘nation’ and race. Joseph Arthur de Gobineau (1816-1882), sometimes called the father of modern racism, proposed the existence of just three races white, black and yellow. According to Gobineau, the white race possesses superior intelligence, morality and will-power.
Fredrick Douglass was an American ex-slave lecturer on anti-slavery and racism who came to Ireland in 1845. He stated that he found ‘fair play’ in Ireland under the crown, something he hadn’t got in the land of the free. However, he was appalled by the depiction of the half ape/half Negro creature portrayed in Punch magazine where the Anglo-Saxons were boasting their superiority over Negros and Irish men. This was an interesting perspective on racism in Ireland during the 1800’s when Irish citizens experienced racism at the hands of the