Irrigation System

Satisfactory Essays
1.7 Conceptual Framework

Existing Theories & Factors That Affects
Irrigation Systems Humidity, Moisture & Climate Change

Automated Irrigation System
Microcontroller Using Soil Moisture and
Soil Moisture Sensor Humidity Sensor
Humidity Sensor Development Tools

Existing Studies

Design

Improve Production

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES

This chapter aims to site some studies and theories that the researchers hold and come up with this project. The researchers includes the factors that affects plants deterioration, development tools and design that the researchers will be using in this study lastly the existing irrigation systems that the researchers consider to innovate.

2.1. Theories

This subtitle discusses the theories that the researchers will be supporting which is directly relevant to the research.

2.1.1 Theory of Relative Humidity

Relative humidity is the relationship between the actual water vapor pressure and the maximum possible water vapor pressure. As stated by PAGASA (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration) “Due to high temperature and the surrounding bodies of water, the Philippines have a high relative humidity. The average monthly relative humidity varies between 71 percent in March and 85 percent in September”. Relative humidity contributes the cooling and dryness of the soil and if relative humidity exceeds on its normal range it affects the soil thus affecting the growth of plants.

2.1.2 Theory of Soil Moisture

Soil moisture conditions enhance the following related variables: net surface radiation, total heat flux from the surface into the atmosphere, and moist static energy in the atmospheric boundary layer. ( Soil Moisture Theory Elfatih A. B. Eltahir).

2.1.3 Theory of Irrigation

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Irrigation System

    • 647 Words
    • 3 Pages

    A Study Comparing the Impacts of Surface Irrigation and Localized Irrigation (Drip Irrigation) Here in the Philippines basing on the studies conducted by adb.org, agriculture has been considered as the primary sector of the economy. It has contributed 19.1 % of the Gross Domestic Product and has provided employment for about 36.7% of the labor force. It is also a factor that primarily affects the economic well-being of the country like in determining the employment rate, total food supply available…

    • 647 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Messopotamian Irrigation Systems By isa Have you ever wondered what the world would be like without irrigation systems? Without the ancient Mesopotamians we may not have had irrigation systems today. Mesopotamia was among the first civilizations to build a irrigation system. Mesopotamians had a very sophisticated irrigation system. They started by digging out a wide trench for the water to flow through. The next step was to build smaller ditches to their crops. Then they built walls to control…

    • 408 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Irrigation

    • 837 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Irrigation:- a system of supplying (land) with water by means of artificial canals, ditches, etc, esp to promote the growth of food crops ⇒ a sophisticated irrigation system Importance of irrigation:- Irrigation means the artificial way of watering the crops. Irrigation is very important for Pakistan.We have little rainfall therefore we get the help of irrigation in preparing our crops. The progress of our country depends upon the means of irrigation and their progress. All parts except northern…

    • 837 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    ADVANCES IN MODERN IRRIGATION SYSTEMS A TERM PAPER PRESENTED BY AROBOINOSEN HILLARY M.ENG/S.E.E.T/2011/3137 AGRICULTURAL AND BIO-RESOURCES ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA SEPTEMBER 2012 ABSTRACT Irrigation systems should be a relevant agent to give solutions to the increasing demand of food, and to the development, sustainability and productivity of the agricultural sector. The design, management, and operation of irrigation systems are crucial factors…

    • 4543 Words
    • 19 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Topic: The Bottom Billion Title: The Problems of Irrigation System in Sudan [pic] 1.1 Overview According to Collier (2008) bottom billion are country whose problems defy traditional approaches to alleviating poverty. The crisis lies in a group of 50 states that failed to develop in the twenty-first century. Haiti, Kazakhstan, Kenya, North Korea, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria are the listed country of the bottom billion. But 70 percent of the bottom…

    • 4932 Words
    • 141 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Agriculture - Irrigation

    • 1596 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Agricultural Mechanization Strategies and programmes have been directed towards replacement of traditional and inefficient implements by improved ones, enabling the farmers to own tractors, power tillers, harvesters and other machines, availability of custom hire services, support services of human resource development, testing, evaluation and research & development. A huge industrial base for manufacturing of the agricultural machines has also been developed. Introduction of technologically…

    • 1596 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Irrigation Report

    • 3655 Words
    • 15 Pages

    Approach and Methodology 3 1.4 Methodology Adopted 3 1.5 Sub-project Area 4 1.6 Climate, Topography, and Soil 6 2 TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT AND DESIGN 8 2.1 Water Resources Assessment 8 2.2 Crop Water Requirements 9 2.3 Engineering System Design 12 3 AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION 14 3.1 Agriculture 14 3.2 Present Agriculture Practices 14 3.3 Present Agriculture Inputs 15 3.4 Future Cropping Pattern and Yields 15 4 SOCIO – INSTITUTION AND ORGANIZATION 16 4.1 Introduction…

    • 3655 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Methods of Irrigation

    • 5479 Words
    • 22 Pages

    METHODS OF IRRIGATION The manner in which water is applied to the land is commonly referred to as method of irrigation. These methods are adopted to apply irrigation water to the crop depending on the landscape, amount of water and equipment available, the crop and method of cultivation of crop. The main aim of these methods is to store water in the effective root zone uniformly and in maximum quantity ensuring minimum water loss and to get optimum yield. Various methods of irrigation are: 1. Surface…

    • 5479 Words
    • 22 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Irrigation and it's Methods Irrigation may be defined as the science of artificial application of water to the land or soil. It is the replacement of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops. Several methods of irrigation are used today depending on the water availability and the type of crop to be irrigated. Some of these methods are: 1) Flood irrigation: In flood irrigation, a large amount of water is brought to the field and flows on the ground among the crops…

    • 533 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Embedded System for Automatic Irrigation using XbeePRO Technology AbstractThis project proposed an embedded system for automatic irrigation which has a wireless sensor network for real time infield sensing and control of an irrigation system. This system provides uniform and required level of water for both plain and slope areas and therefore it avoids the water overflow at the slope areas which saves the plant and also water This system also senses the water level of the tank and whenever…

    • 1927 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays