Iranian Revolution Essay

Good Essays
Similarly in Iran, Western involvement in Iranian politics led to the rise of Islamist groups and eventually the Iranian Revolution in 1979, later known as the Islamic Revolution. The revolution was in response to Western influence and involvement in Iran during the Pahlavi dynasty. Both Great Britain and Soviet Russia invaded and occupied Iran in August 1941, forcing the abdication of Mohammad Reza Shah in favour of his son, in retaliation to his declaration of neutrality in the Second World War and his refusal to allow Iranian territory to be used to supply and transport arms to Russia. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah’s son then became the Shah of Iran until he was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution in February 1979 led by Ruhollah Khomeini, who was supported by various Islamist and leftist organisations.
The most significant factor that led to the Islamic Revolution of 1979, was the British and American involvement in Iranian politics and their support of Mohammad Reza’s reign. America and Britain backed the coup that deposed Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh, whom through nationalising the Iranian petroleum industry, limited their power and influence. As the industry that was previously
…show more content…
Khomeini was an orthodox Islamist who originally accepted traditional Shia political theory that the government must be run in accordance to religious law, suggesting that a parliament of Shi’a jurists could choose a king. Khomeini later declared that Islamic jurists were the true holders of not only religious authority but political authority in Iran as well, and that only the rule by a leading Islamic jurist would prevent innovation in Islamic law and insure that Sharia law was properly followed in the

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    The Iranian Revolution

    • 3890 Words
    • 16 Pages

    The Iranian Revolution Iran is a country located in the Middle East. The main source of income for the country is oil, the one object that had greatly influenced its history. Iran 's present government is run as an Islamic Republic. A president, cabinet, judicial branch, and Majilesor or legislative branch, makes up the governmental positions. A revolution that overthrew the monarch, which was set in 1930, lasted over 15 years. Crane Brinton 's book, An Anatomy of a Revolution…

    • 3890 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Iranian Revolution

    • 1499 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Evaluate the role of Islamic fundamentalism in the 1979 Iranian revolution (1200) Various factors influenced the 1979 Iranian revolution, but at the core of this significant event was Islamic fundamentalism. The Iranian religious leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, led this movement to end the thirty-seven-year reign of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, also known as the Shah of Iran (Diller 1991, p.152). The revolution was a combination of mounting social, economic, political and religious strains. The nation…

    • 1499 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Iranian Revolution

    • 1661 Words
    • 7 Pages

    breeding ground for some kind of political upheaval or another. In recent times, back in 1979, there was a major revolution which was, in some ways, similar to the revolution we are seeing today. The people were angry and they were tired of being controlled by the government that was in power. They had concrete ideals and were incredibly passionate about their revolution. The revolution Iran is experiencing today does not appear to be quite as passionate and does not appear to maintain a belief in…

    • 1661 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Iranian Revolution

    • 1828 Words
    • 8 Pages

    World History The Islamic Revolution started circa 1977 and lasted until 1979. The absolute monarchist Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi led an era of authoritarian regime which allowed violence and oppression of the people. The White Revolution, in the 1960’s, caused many of the people in Iran to rise up against the regime. The aftermath of the Islamic Revolution, headed by Ayatollah Khomeini, included the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in the region and a theocratic government similar to the previous…

    • 1828 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Iranian Revolution

    • 852 Words
    • 4 Pages

    There were many factors that lead to the Iranian revolution of the 1970s, and it had a lasting impact on the Middle East as we know it today. The revolution showed the world what could happen when a nation is fed up with a leader who’s been, from the people’s perspective, ‘bought’ by the western world. Revolutions have happed all throughout history, but the revolution in Iran was unique, because it was the first one where a leader who was backed by the West had been defeated. Key sources for this…

    • 852 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Iranian revolution of January 1978- February 1979, was primarily aimed to overthrow the Pahlavi government. There were many reasons for the revolution, however only a few are major reasons. One of the larger reasons to overthrow the government was because the Iranian population did not accept the policies of westernization that Shāh Mohammad Rezā Pahlavi had imposed. The Iranians believed that these policies were an insult to their culture and that the Shah was being controlled by the united…

    • 361 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    life, emotions and feelings during the Iranian revolution. It shows her happenings as a child but with the thoughts of an adult. Marjane Satrapi describes the whole events while she is a child and her feelings about it. She describes her different emotions and changing opinions during the revolution by telling different happenings in her family or those who affected her. It is conspicuous that she wants to transmit her emotions and feelings about the revolution and it ramification which makes it to…

    • 682 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Iranian Revolution had many factors that caused the uprising. At this time, the country was facing major economic difficulties as well as the regime of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi trying to take control of the country. Also, there weren’t many opportunities for political involvement. The National Front and pro-Soviet Tūdeh political parties were outlawed and made powerless. The regime censored protests, and many people were under surveillance, harassed, put into illegal detention, and tortured…

    • 149 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nationalism encouraged many revolutionary changes among the world within the late twentieth century by unifying many different types of people into one group, as evidenced in the Iranian revolution, the independence of India, and the internal regional unrest from the Soviet Union. In the Iranian revolution everyone all the people were unified against the Shah, no matter their religion or social class by nationalism. According to the post World War 2 notes all people, followers of Islam, leftists…

    • 564 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    THL 357 Research Project 2,421 words Persepolis and the Iranian Revolution Persepolis was made in 2007. The film is based on the graphic novel of the same name. Persepolis is directed by Marjane Satrapi. The story is derived from her own personal experiences growing up during the Iranian Revolution (also called the Islamic Revolution) in Tehran, Iran. Included will be an in-depth analysis of the factors that caused the Revolution as well as an accounting of conditions in Iran during that…

    • 2475 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays