iran iraq war causes and consequences

Topics: Iran, Iraq, Saddam Hussein / Pages: 9 (2024 words) / Published: Nov 21st, 2013
Iran-Iraq conflict causes and consequences (1980-88)

INTRODUCTION :
This conflict began when Iraq invaded iran in 1980 followed by border disputes and Irq’s desire to become dominant Persian Gulf state and the Iranian revolution at that time .but they couldn’t get the control they only occupied some portion of iran and then repelled by iran .Despite calls for a ceasefire by the United Nations Security Council, hostilities continued until 20 August 1988. The war finally ended with Resolution 598,
Causes :
The causes of Iran Iraq conflicts can be attributed to wide range of issues
Political causes-historical claims of territory, Shatt Al Arab waterway dispute and result of six day war
Economic causes- occupying of Khuzestan, religious
Cultural causes- cultural differences between Iran and Iraq and results of the Iranian revolution
Long term causes:
Historical disputes:
The historical disputes over the shatt al arab waterway and border can be traced back to the Islamic period that occurred in 7 th century.invasions and counter invasions occurred between Mesopotamia and Persia regions.Iraq’s population was primarily composed of arab with small minority of kurds.Iran’s population was more diverse Persian,kurds,baluchis,turkmans and other tukic groups.
In 1420 ad safavid empire began rebelling against dominance of Ottoman empire in Middle east.Ottomoan empire was In control over Iraq and safavid empire was in control of curren Iran.distinct branches in Islam (shai and sunni)became more distinct.resulted in the beginning of present day nationalism.in 1639 ad treaty of zuhab border lines between countries had always been vauge when described in the treaty of zuhab.the treaty was signed between former Ottomon empire (the Iraqis)and the safavid empire(Iran).treaty of zuhab stated that the border between Iran and Iraq would run between the zagros mountains and the tigris river.this treaty acted as final solution to the hundred year territorial dispute between the

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