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Topics: Verb, Reading, Reading comprehension Pages: 75 (20479 words) Published: June 21, 2013
9danliattanG MAT·Prep
the new standard

1. INTRODUCTION

TO PRINCIPLES

11
25 29

In Action Questions Solutions

2. COMPONENTS

OF PASSAGES

33
39 41

In Action Questions Solutions

3. SHORT PASSAGES
In Action Questions Solutions

43
51 53

4. LONG PASSAGES
In Action Questions Solutions

55
63 65 .67

5. THE SEVEN STRATEGIES 6. Q.UESTION ANALYSIS 7. PASSAGES & PROBLEM SETS In Action Passages & Questions Solutions Official Guide Problem Set

TABLE OF CONTENTS

75
91
93

109
147

READING COMPREHENSftIN

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INTRODUC;FION TO PRINCIPLES\····

In This Chapter ...
• Logistics of Reading Comprehension • Challenges of Reading Comprehension • Two Extremes and a Balanced Approach i.

Principle #1: Engage with the Passage

• Recruiting for Your Working Memory, Inc. • Principle #2: Look for the Simple Story • Principle #3: Link to What You Already Know • Principle #4: Unpack the Beginning • Principle #5: Link to What You Have Just Read • Principle #6: Pay Attention to Signals • Principle #7: Pick up the Pace • Summary of the 7 Principles of Active, Efficient Reading • Practice on Non-GMAT Material

INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES

Chapter 1

LOGISTICS OF READING COMPREHENSION
You are probably already familiar with Reading Comprehension from other standardized tests. You are given a passage to read, and you are asked questions about the substance and structure of the passage. On the GMAT, you can expect to see foUl"Reading Comprehension passages. Each passage will typically be accompanied by three to four questions, for a total of 12 to 14 Reading Comprehension questions. You should be aware of several logistical features ofGMAT Reading Comprehension passages. Passages are either lollg or short. GMAT Reading Comprehension passages come.in two basic forms: LONG and SHORT. Long passages, which generally consist of over 300 words in three to five paragraphs, take up more than 50 lines on the computer screen (or over 35 lines in Tbe Official Guidefor GMAT Review, 12th Edition and TIM Official Guidefor GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition). Examples of long passages on the GMATaPPear on pages 362, 366, and 382 of The Official Guide for GMAT Review, iz» Edition. Short passages, which generally consist of 200-250 words in two or three paragraphs, take up fewer than 50 lines on the computer screen in length (or under 35 lines in TIMOjJJcial Guide for GMAT Review, 12th Edition and The Official GuitJefor GMATVerbal Rev;tw, 2nd Edition). Examples of short passages on the GMAT appear on pages 358, 360, and 364 of The OjJJcial Guide for GMAT Review, 12th Edition. In the past few years, short passages have been more 'common on the GMAT than tong passages. Of the four passages that you see on the GMAT, three of them are likely to be short and one of them long. However, you might get two short and two 'long. Moreover,' there is no set order in the appearance of short and long passages. Finally, the paragraphs themselves have been getting longer. You might see a long passage with only two paragraphs, or a short passage made up of only one paragraph. Questions appear one at a tUne. The questions are presented one at a time on the right side of the computer screen. The complete reading passage remains on the left' side of the screen while you answer questions on that passage. You will only be able to see the first question before reading the' passage. The number of questions per passage is NOT stated. The GMAT does not indicate how many questions are associated with a particular passage (i.e., the GMAT does not say that "Questions 6-9 refer to the following passage."). However, the length o(the passage and the number of questions are strongly correlated. Generally, each short passage has three questions associated with it, and each long passage has four questions associated with it. Line numbers are not listed. Though the Official Guide and 'older...
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