Aristotle created the foundation for many literary works. He is known as the most influential Greek philosopher who wrote Poetics and Rhetorics, two concepts that are thought to be very significant in literary theory. He believed that a plot with reversal of situation, recognition, and transformation, is the greatest way to write a story or play. He defined plot as the arrangement of incidents and, according to him, tragedies where the outcome depends on a tightly constructed cause-and-effect chain of actions were superior to those that depended on the character and personality of the protagonist. The plot would have to be interconnected with a story or play as a whole with a beginning, middle, and an end. It could be simple or complex, however having one with both reversal of intention, recognition, and transformation would be the best kind of resolution. A plot with a reversal of intention occurs when a character produces an effect opposite to that which he intended to produce, while recognition is a change from ignorance to knowledge, producing love or hate between the persons destined for good or bad fortune; also known as fate. Transformation is the metamorphosis of character. One play that has these three distinct recommendation is the play by Euripides called Iphigenia in Aulis.
In the play Iphigenia in Aulis, Greece declared war against Troy after the prince of Troy stole Menelaus?wife. When Agamemnon, the warlord of Greece, assembled an army and set sail for Troy, they had a setback. When the army attempted to sail for Troy, the wind did not blow in such a way to allow the army to successfully reach their intended destination. The army was landlocked because Agamemnon had previously upset the gods by displaying excessive pride during a hunting trip. He made Artemis furious when he shot a deer from her sacred herd, and then boasted about the kill. This made the goddess extremely angry, and this caused the winds to be defective. So in order...
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